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阅读理解(50) 美欧破产法比较  

2011-11-29 09:57:23|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解A (50) 美欧破产法比较 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

     阅读理解(50)        

                                 美欧破产法比较

                                                                          佳中命题

 

 

                                                                               Text 2

        The collapse of Enron, the largest bankruptcy in American history, has rung out a banner year for

American business failures. In Europe, Swissair and Sabena and more others are also in the crisis of

bankruptcy. In the current global economic recession, more companies are likely to go bust (bankrupt).

Now it is a perfect time to reconsider how to handle such failures: let them sink, or give them a chance to

swim?

       In America, bankruptcy has come to mean a second chance for bust businesses. The famous “Chapter

11”in Federal Bankruptcy Law aims to give a company time to get back on its feet, by shielding it from debt

payments and encourage banks to negotiate with their debtor. It even allows a bust company to receive

fresh finance after it goes bust. On the other side of the Atlantic, when companies stumble, almost as much

effort is spent in claiming the guilty as in trying to salvage a viable business. British and French laws, for

example, can make a failing company’s directors face criminal penalties. Bankers have the power, at the first

sign of trouble, to push a company into the arms of the receivers. Some countries are considering amending

heir laws to make it easier to revive sick companies, but trade unions still have their say.

       But even with the arrival of the euro and moves towards a single financial market, going bust in Europe

is a strictly local affair. Europe’s patchwork of national laws inhibits lending and makes it difficult to fix ailing

firms, while the American constitution provided uniform bankruptcy laws, long before America had a single

currency.

      Transatlantic bankruptcies are even harder, as a Belgian-based software company, Lernout and Hauspie,

discovered this year. Its American reorganization plan was frustrated by a Belgian judge, who ordered a sale

of the firm’s assets. As the European Union moves toward greater harmonization, should it try to mimic

America?

       Critics of Chapter 11 think not. They argue that America’s bankruptcy system is wasteful, lets failed

managers go unpunished, and gives some companies an unfair advantage. Managers enjoy the high life while

creditors go begging. According to a recent survey, more than two-thirds of top managers are displaced

within two years of a bankruptcy filing, escaping from any punishment. More troubling is that some American

firms seem to enjoy second and third trips to bankruptcy court, shamelessly demanding protection from

going bankrupt. Some critics see this as evidence that, too often, they are taking unfair advantage of

Chapter 11 to keep running. But there is more to the story.                                                   

                                                                                                             (428 words)

 

26. The passage is centered on the theme:

      [A] the influence of American and European bust businesses on the global economy.

      [B] bankruptcy — a common phenomenon both in America and Europe.

      [C] different attitudes of America and Europe towards treating bust businesses.

      [D] criticisms on the American “Chapter 11”law concerning bust businesses.

27. From the first paragraph we learn that the collapse of Enron

      [A] reflects the current global economic recession.

      [B] has great effects on Swissair and Sabena.

      [C] marks the gloomy economy in America.

      [D] will cause many companies to go bust.

28. In treating bust businesses, European countries

      [A] take no actions to save a sick company.

      [B] do not let any bust businesses to go unpunished.

      [C] are tougher on bust businesses than America.

      [D] allow bust businesses to receive loans from banks.

29. Which of the following is true of the European countries?

      [A] There is no uniform bankruptcy laws in European countries.

      [B] The arrival of the eruo pave the way to revive bust businesses in Europe.

      [C] America’s transatlantic companies are protected from bankruptcy.

      [D] America’s bankruptcy law will eventually be introduced in European countries.

30. The primary purpose of the last paragraph is

      [A] to criticize that the America’s bankruptcy law is unfair.

      [B] to imply that the European Union will not mimic America.

      [C] to argue that America’s bankruptcy system has its drawbacks.

      [D] to suggest that “Chapter 11” should be amended.

 

                    阅读理解A (50) 美欧破产法比较 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

 

篇章分析 

 

                     美国安龙公司的倒闭引发了如何对待破产企业的讨论。作者在文中比较了欧洲和美国

              对破产的不同态度,分析了欧洲没有统一的破产法的原因,并就欧洲要不要模仿美国设立

              统一的破产法发表了自己的看法。

 

              第一段:提出主题:如何对待破产企业。

              第二段:欧洲和美国对破产的不同态度。

              第三段:欧洲没有统一的破产法。

              第四段:欧洲要不要模仿美国设立统一的破产法。

              第五段:作者观点:不要模仿美国设立统一的破产法。

 

答案解析 

 

26.【答案】  C

       【解析】  这是一道主旨题。从上述篇章分析可以看出全文主要在谈论关于对待破产企业上欧洲和美国的

        不同态度,C项上本题的正确答案。D项的意思是“批评美国关于倒闭企业的第11条法规”,这只是文章

        最后一段涉及的内容,不是文章的主题。”

 

27.【答案】  C

       【解析】  这是一道句意题,针对第一段第1句命题。句中的ring out是“鸣钟”的意思,a banner year

        指“最兴旺的一年”。句子的含义是:安龙公司的倒闭是美国历史上最大的破产,它敲响了美国经济失

        败最兴旺的一年的钟声。也就是说安龙公司的倒闭反映了美国经济不景气的开始,C项符合句子含义,

       因此是本题的正确答案。

 

28.【答案】  D

       【解析】  这是一道推理题,针对第二段命题。第二段论说欧洲和美国对破产的不同态度。美国对破产企

        业的做法是:强调帮助破产公司重整旗鼓,允许破产公司在不还清债务的情况下重新从银行得到贷款。

        欧洲的做法是:追究破产公司经理的法律责任,但对有希望的公司也拯救(银行会鼓励别人接管破产公司)。

        比较美国和欧洲对破产公司的做法,可以确定欧洲对破产公司态度比美国严历,D项是本题的正确答案。

 

29.【答案】  A

       【解析】  这是一道判断题,针对第三段和第四段的中的信息命题。从这两段可知,美国在实行单一货币之

         前已有破产法,而欧洲在实行货币统一后仍只是对各国的现行的相关法规作修修补补。因此推断欧洲没有

         统一破产法,A项是本题的正确答案。D项的意思是美国的破产法最终会引入欧洲各国,从文章信息得不出

         这一结论。

 

30.【答案】  B

       【解析】  这是一道(段落)目的题,针对最后一段命题。这道题很容易错选A项或D项,因为段中的内容都

        是说美国第11条法规的不是,因此会认为作者写这一段的目的是批评美国的破产法或认为第11条法规需要

        修改。但从篇章来看,这一段所述应该是对前面一段末提出的问题作出的回答。随着欧洲越来越统一,有人

        提出是不是应该模仿美国有统一的破产法? 作者用批评美国第11条法规的观点表示不应该模仿美国,所以B

        项才是本题的正确答案。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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