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阅读理解(51)未来工厂  

2011-12-11 09:02:45|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解(51)未来工厂 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

    阅读理解(51)            

                                      未来工厂

                                                                              佳中命题

 

 

 

                                                                   Text 3

         Technological characteristics of the factory of the future will be influenced by both “science push” and

“market pull”. Science push relates to the many scientific developments that are being announced from

laboratories around the world. The manufacturing community is alert to these developments and when

creative people visualize opportunities to solve major problems with new scientific developments, they are

responsive to initiate major projects to attempt to capture a competitive edge. Market pull is the other

dimension. The manufacturing community sees opportunities to gain a competitive edge by drawing existing

or emerging technologies on to the shop floor, and they are willing to invest in the future. History has

demonstrated that both phenomena are at work in the manufacturing environment.

       Underlying the future of the manufacturing environment of tomorrow are the strategic technologies that

we recognize today as playing an important role in our planning in industrial and university research

laboratories. Let me elaborate on what I consider the strategic technologies in the laboratory with both

medium and long range perspectives on the future. These strategic technologies include new materials,

computer engineering, microelectronics, micro-fabrication, photonics, and manufacturing systems.

      The reality of the impact of the strategic technologies which I have mentioned is not an issue. What are

the issues include: how rapidly will their impact be felt, how will the capital investments required be justified,

and how will we educate the workforce to implement and manage them? I believe these issues will be

resolved in an evolutionary way rather than as a new industrial revolution. There are already unfortunate

examples of failure in attempts to implement individual views of factories of the future. The underlying

problems will surface when we attempt too much, too soon, and without a thorough knowledge of all of the

important features of strategic technologies and of whether they are fit for an effective manufacturing facility.

     The lack of standards has been recognized as a major deterrent to integration, and major steps have

been taken on a national and world-wide basis to correct the situation. We cannot overestimate the power of

the human being to adapt and to succeed. We have not yet duplicated this power with the computer. However,

we have achieved the ability to use the computer to make the human more productive, more reliable and more

powerful. This is perhaps the beginning for developing a more focused view of what we mean by the factory of

the future. The issue of strategic technologies is of great importance to the development of the factory of the

future. It is a matter of survival.                                        

                                                                                                                          (429 words)

 

31. The most suitable title of the passage would be

      [A] The Factory of the Future: Technological Aspects.

      [B] Science Push and Market Pull.

      [C] The Impact of Strategic Technologies.

      [D] The Future of the Manufacturing Environment.

27. When the manufacturing community sees opportunities to solve major problems with new scientific

      developments, it

      [A] is alert and willing to invest in the future.

      [B] will draw existing or emerging technologies on to the shop floo.

      [C] will quickly undertake new projects to capture the competitive edge.

      [D] will wait and see if it has “science push” and “market pull”.

28. It is implied in the passage that the implementation of new strategic technologies will most probably not

      succeed if we

      [A] treat the strategic technologies in an evolutionary way.

      [B] resolve the issue of strategic technologies too soon in a revolutionary way.

      [C] do not realize the impact of new strategic technologies.

      [D] lack standards as a major deterrent to integration.

29. The author stresses in the last paragraph that, to cope with the issue of strategic technologies, we should

      [A] rely chiefly on more productive and powerful computers.

      [B] take major steps on a national and world-wide basis.

      [C] put the power of the human being into full play.

      [D] focus on different views concerning the factory of the future.

30. The author speaks highly of strategic technologies because he believes that they

      [A] have both “science pull” and “market pull”.

      [B] represent the orientation of future industrial research.

      [C] are controlled by computer technology.

      [D] are a leading factor for the success of the future factory.

 

 答案解析

 31.   【答案】 A

         【考点】 文章标题。     针对全文命题。

        【解析】   文章第一段讨论未来工厂的技术特征(受“科学推动力”和“市场吸引力”的影响);第二段阐

         述目前实验室正在研究开发一批strategic technologies将对工厂的未来产生重大的影响; 第三段谈论应该

         如何对待strategic technologies;第四段强调在应用新技术中发挥人作用的重要性。纵观全文,不难断定文

         章主要谈论未来工厂的技术问题,A项是本题的正确答案。

                B项的意思太窄,仅是文中谈及的部分内容;C项的意思太泛,“impact”没有点明是对未来工厂的影响,

         可泛指对社会和人民生活等方面的影响。D项中“environment”没有点明是技术方面的,也可能指社会、政

          治或经济方面的。

 

32.   【答案】 C

        【考点】 具体细节。     针对第一段命题。

        【解析】   工厂对“science push”和“market pull”的态度是不同的。当它们看到有新的科技发展能解决重

         大问题的机会时会马上投资从事新的项目研究,以赢得市场竞争力。对“market push”是立即利用新技术

         于生产中,投资则是今后的事。题干中的“to solve major problems with new scientific developments” 提

         示本题测对“science push”的态度。C项的意思是“很快从事新的项目研究以赢得市场竞争力”,应该指

        “science push”,由此判断C项本题的正确答案。A项和B项是指“market pull”。

 

33.    【答案】 B

         【考点】 推理引申。     针对第三段命题。

         【解析】   作者在最后一段中说,解决strategic technologies 问题应该用发展的眼光,而不是将它们看作

          只是新的工业革命(in an evolutionary way rather than as a new industrial revolution)。在对待工厂未

          来发展的问题上,我们有过不少失败的教训。如果我们过于求多求快而不了解新的技术的特点,不了解它

          们是否适合工厂的有效生产,那么就会冒出各种问题。逆向推理,如果我们将新技术看作新的的工业革命,

          想很快采用新技术,那么很可能不会成功。由此可以推断B项是本题的正确答案。

                本题不能选C项。据最后一段第一句,了解新技术的作用并不成问题(即指我们都能认识到新技术的

           作用)。

 

34.    【答案】 C

         【考点】 具体细节。     针对第四段命题。

         【解析】   作者在文中指出,对待strategic technologies 还有一些问题需要解决,但最重要的是:We

          cannot overestimate the power of the human being to adapt and to succeed. 此句的意思是“无论怎样

          强调人的适应能力和成功能力都不为过”。“cannot …… over +原形动词” 与“cannot …… too”的用

          法相同,都是“无论怎样……也不为过分”或“越……越好”的意思。显然作者认为充分发挥人的能力是

          最重要的,C项是本题的正确答案。

                 我们虽然能使计算机更加有效可靠,但我们还不能使计算机具有我们人的这种能力(We have not

          yet duplicated this power with the computer),可见不能选A项;D项错在“different views”,文中强调

          的是“a more focused view”。

 

35.  【答案】 D

        【考点】 因果原委。     针对全文命题。

        【解析】   作者在文中对目前实验室正在研究开发strategic technologies有高度的评价。文中两处提到

          strategic technologies对未来工厂的重大影响,因为它们关系到未来工厂的生死存亡(第二段的第一句和

          文章的最后两句)。由此可以断定D项是本题的正确答案。

                  B项的意思是“代表未来工业研究的方向”,此意本身也许并没有错,但从文中得不出他是作者高度

          赞许 strategic technologies 的原因。C项的意思是“受计算机技术控制”,文中没有谈到 strategic

          technologies 是有计算机控制的,文中谈到的计算机与之无关。

 

 

 

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