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阅读理解(55) 父母努力与青少年吸毒作斗争  

2011-12-18 12:14:43|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解(55) 父母努力与青少年吸毒作斗争 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

    阅读理解(55)        父母努力与青少年吸毒作斗争

                                                                              佳中命题

 

 

 

 

                                                                          Text 3

       School authorities often refuse to face the problem; government drug-abuse agencies have done all too

little to inform the public about it; many physicians still seem unaware of it when they examine teen-agers. As

a result, parents may still be the last to know that their children have fallen victim to the drug epidemic that

 has been raging for more than a decade among American’s youth. In a survey of a middle-income Clincinnati

suburb, 38 percent of the sixth grade and 89 percent of the senior class said they used drug and/or alcohol.

     Fortunately, there is a new force at work against this epidemic — a nationwide movement of more than 400

parent groups formed to expose and battle drug use among teen-agers and preteens. The groups have

different approaches and widely varying rates of success. Yet this parental crusade is the only major force in

the country to have taken active, organized and effective steps aimed at stopping marijuana use.

    Why the concentration on marijuana? Marijuana is the illegal drug most used by kids. According to a

National High School Survey, 44 percent of U.S. high-school seniors had smoked pot during their school

years, and one out of seven of these were daily or near daily smokers. There was a close-related connection

between pot smoking and subsequent use of cocaine and heroin by young men. Of those who had smoked

pot fewer than 100 times, seven percent had graduated to cocaine, four percent to heroin. But of those who

had smoked pot at least 1000 times, 73 percent had gone on to cocaine, and one out of three had graduated

to heroin.Parent groups have found that by stopping their kids from smoking pot, they almost automatically

stop all other illegal drugs, and cut down on alcohol use as well. The High School Senior Survey’s statistics

show that heavy pot smokers tend to be heavy drinkers, while those who do not use pot tend not to drink

heavily.

      Since virtually all over the country teen-age “partying” has come to mean “getting smashed and getting

stoned” — on anything from pot to pills to hashish, ISD, and alcohol, some parent groups home in on the

partying aspect. Parents Who Care (PWC) was started in 1986 by 15 Palo Alto, Calif., parents who were

upset by stories of serious drug problems at parties. They held talk sessions with their children and learned

that most of their children had never been to a party where the main activity was not getting high. The

parents’ solution: workshops showing kids how to give successful drug-and-alcohol-free parties. Says,

Margery Ranch, PWC director, “We’ve seen a change in attitude. Young people are feeling more comfortable

saying no.” 

                                                                                                                           (449 words)

 

31. The passage is concerned primarily about

      [A] why the drug-abuse problem has become so serious among school-age children.

      [B] why parents are concerned over the children drug-abuse problem.

      [C] how parents try to free their children from drug addiction.

      [D] what has caused the serious problem of children drug-abuse.

32. Why do the parents focus their efforts on stopping their children from pot smoking?

      [A] Marijuana is comparably easier for children to get rid of.

      [B] Pot smoking is the most popular form among school-age children.

      [C] The withdrawal from pot smoking may contribute to abandoning other illegal drugs.

      [D] Pot smoking affects school-age children’s performances more than cocaine and heroin.

33. Which of the following statements is true according the information given in the passage?

      [A] Most children never go to the party where the main activity is getting high.

      [B] Teen-age parties are the popular places for children to get high.

      [C] All teen-age parties have become involved with illegal drugs.

      [D] PWC has succeeded in persuading children not to get high at teen-age parties.

34. What does the author think of the parents’ efforts to combat illegal drugs among high-school children?

      [A] There are some effects but their efforts are a little bit isolated and lonely.

      [B] There will no substantial effects since drug-abuse problems deserve social attention.

      [C] Their efforts are worthwhile and supported by school authorities and the government.

      [D] Their efforts will ultimately lead to the public concern over teen-ager drug-abuse problem

35. The author’s attitude towards American parents’ efforts is that of

      [A] approval.

      [B] sympathy.

      [C] detachment.

      [D] optimism.

 

答案解析

 31.   【答案】 C

         【考点】 主旨大意。     针对全文命题。

         【解析】   从篇章分析,全文主要论述美国青少年的父母如何组织起来与青少年吸毒现象进行斗争。文章

          第一段描述美国青少年吸毒现象十分严重,但政府有关部门和学校都不关心这一问题。第二段提出主题:

          父母们只好自发组织起来与青少年吸毒现象进行斗争。第三、四、五段从两个方面(大麻和儿童聚会)

          阐述了父母如何青少年吸毒现象进行斗争。父母们的努力当然是为了不让自己的孩子染上毒瘾(free their

          children from drug addiction)C项是本题的正确答案。

                 本题易错选B项“为什么父母关心儿童吸毒问题”。如B项是文章的主题,那么文章应该围绕父母关心

         青少年吸毒问题的原因进行论说。

 

32.   【答案】 C

        【考点】 因果关系。     针对第三、四段命题。

        【解析】   父母们为什么把目标首先集中在制止青少年吸大麻上?作者在第三段中说,这是因为吸大麻与青

         少年以后吸可卡因和海洛因密切相关(There was a close-related connection between pot smoking and

         subsequent use of cocaine and heroin by young men);在第四段中说,许多父母发现禁止他们的孩子

         吸大麻后,他们的孩子几乎主动地停止使用所有其它非法毒品(Parent groups have found that by

         stopping and their kids from smoking pot, they almost automatically top all other illegal drugs)。从原因

         和结果都可以断定:父母们之所以把目标首先集中在制止青少年吸大麻上是为了不让他们今后吸更厉害的

         毒品可卡因和海洛因,因此C项是本题的正确答案。

                 本题易错选B项。大麻是青少年常吸的毒品,因此父母们努力的目标是制止吸大麻,这是按常理的推

         断,而作者在文中强调的是吸大麻与吸可卡因或海洛因直接有关。

 

33.  【答案】 B

       【考点】 信息判断。      针对最后一段命题。

       【解析】   作者在最后一段中指出,青少年的聚会(teen-age “partying”)已成为吸毒酗酒的场所,青少年

        在这些聚会上经常 getting smashed and getting stoned(指吸毒酗酒后的状态),以致有些青少年凡主

        要活动不是 getting high 的聚会就不愿参加(most of their children had never been to a party where the

        main activity was not getting high)。文中“getting high”指吸毒。由此可以断定B项是本题的正确答案。

              A项的意思是“大多数儿童从来不参加主要活动是吸毒的聚会”,与文中所述相反。C项错在“all”,说

        所有青少年的聚会都与吸毒有关过于绝对。 D项的意思是“PWC成功地说服青少年在聚会上不吸毒”,与

        文中所述不符。父母们是努力不让自己的孩子参加有吸毒活动的聚会,而不是让去参加但要求不吸毒。

 

34. 【答案】 A

      【考点】 作者观点。     针对全文命题。

      【解析】   从作者的叙述中可以看出,父母们在与青少年吸毒的斗争中取得了一些效果,如经过父母的努力,

       有些青少年已停止吸大麻和使用其它毒品。有些父母为孩子们举行没有毒品的聚会,使一些青少年不去参加

       有吸毒活动的聚会。联系作者在文章开头说的学校当局不愿面对青少年的吸毒问题,政府有关部门也很少关

       注,以及作者在文章第二段最后一句讲的父母是发起抵制青少年吸毒的唯一主力军(only major force),不

       难看出作者认为父母的努力是“a little bit isolated and lonely”,因此A项是本题的正确答案。

             本题易错选D项。文中没有信息能支持“父母们的努力会最终导致社会对青少年吸毒问题的关注”的说法。

 

35. 【答案】 A

      【考点】 作者语气。     针对全文命题。

      【解析】   从作者描述父母们与青少年吸毒现象进行斗争的语气来看,作者显然是对父母们所作出的努力表示

        赞许和支持,A项是本题的正确答案。

               说作者对父母们的斗争表示“乐观”,显然是不妥的。从作者在文中说学校和政府有关部门都不愿面对

        青少年的吸毒问题,父母们是唯一的主力军可知,父母们的努力并没有引起社会对青少年吸毒问题的广泛关注,

        当然也就不能说是“乐观的”。

 

 

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