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【阅读理解】华尔街日报  

2011-12-26 19:07:39|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【阅读理解】华尔街日报 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog
 

    阅读理解】                             华尔街日报

                                                                                                                                              佳中 命题                                             

                                                                       

       The Wall Street Journal has continued as the world’s most credible news source and one that 

refuses toconform to the passing prejudice and error of the journalistic herd. Naturally the Journal 

receives ongoing abuse from the herd for its distressing independence. Yet, rarely is the criticism 

straightforward but rather an assault on the conservatism of the Journal’s editorial page, which 

strikes conformist journalists as an insult and is the real cause of the herd’s distress. Rather the 

criticism focuses on the Journal’s bottom line, its sluggish share price, and rumors that the family 

controlling the paper, the Bancroft family, is unhappy and about to sell it.

      The rumors of the Bancroft’s unhappiness are all highly exaggerated and quickly refuted. For 

this proud family whose ancestor, Clarence W. Barron, purchased the Journal and with it the Dow 

Jones news service in 1902 conceives of its ownership as a “public trust.” That is how Roy A. 

Hammer, a lawyer and trustee for the entities through which the Bancroft control the papers, 

described their sense of ownership. This is not so unusual. Great newspapers have always 

played a major role in American civic life. I said “great newspapers,” serious newspapers, the 

kind that put gathering news ahead of sensationalism. Most of the truly profitable newspapers 

in the country today are essentially shopping circulars with some cheap journalism printed on 

those pages not devoted to shopping mall sales. The great newspaper chains take over local 

papers, fire journalists, and set out to fill their pages with still more advertisements. Well, they 

supply a service. They let readers know about the price, say, of chicken at the Giant or snow tires 

at the CVS.  But fewer and fewer local newspapers supply much news and analysis. Great 

newspapers do, and not one that I know of makes a vast amount of money.

       Great newspapers do help to set the agenda for the nation. They break stories of corruption 

or on other vital maters. One of the few things I find admirable about the New York Times is that

its controlling family, the Sulzberger family, is not intent on squeezing every penny of profit out of 

its flagship papers. Thus last week when I read a long critique in the Times of the Wall Street 

Journal’s management for its sluggish financialperformance, I discovered hypocrisy.

     The hypocrisy is all the greater coming from liberals who are criticizing conservatives for their 

alleged devotion the “Almighty Dollar.” Profits are essential to all businesses. For one thing they 

are a very accurate poll of the populace’s tastes, but there are other services some corporations 

supply to society. Both the Journal and the Times supply — at too high a cost — information that 

enlightens the citizenry.                                           

                                                                                                                                           (455 words)

 

01. The journalistic herd’s distress is caused by the Wall Stress Journal’s 

      [A] false credibility.

      [B] passing prejudice.

      [C] rigid conformism.

      [D] stubborn independence.

02. The Bancroft family purchased the Wall Street Journal to

      [A] exert influence on American civic life.

      [B] promote the Dew Jones news service.

      [C] create sensationalism in the public.

      [D] dominate over other great newspapers.

03. It can be inferred from the text that great newspapers

      [A] have to engage in a form of sensationalism.

      [B] make a bigger profit than local papers.

      [C] show more attention to news supply.

      [D] advertise heavily on their papers.

04. By “I discovered hypocrisy”, the author means that the New York Times

      [A] did not care much about its profit.

      [B] was involved in financial problems.

      [C] attacked the Wall Street Journal.

      [D] was becoming profit-driven.

05. In the last paragraph the author advocates that newspapers should first and foremost

      [A] fulfill their duty to provide social service.

      [B] satisfy the public’s tastes and aspirations.

      [C] devote themselves to “Almighty dollar”.

      [D] maximize profits to a greater extent.

 

答案解析

01. 【答案】  C

      【解析】  这是一道细节题,针对第一段命题。题干问:新闻群体的烦恼是由华尔日报的……

        造成的?解本题的关键是理解两个句子:Naturally the Journal receives ongoing abuse from 

        the herd for its distressing independence. Yet, rarely is the criticism straightforward but rather 

        an assault on the conservatism of the Journal’s editorial page, which strikes conformist 

        journalists as an insult and is the real cause of the herd’s distress. (华尔街日报因其令人讨厌

        的独立性而不断受到新闻群体的攻击。但是这种批评很少是直接针对日报的,而是对其社

        论版因循守旧的立场的攻击,这种保守被墨守成规的新闻工作者视为一种侮辱,同时也是

        引起新闻群体烦恼的真正原因。)  从这两句话中可以确定使新闻群体的恼火的真正原因是

       conservatism(因循守旧),所以 C项是本题的正确答案。

 

02. 【答案】  A

      【解析】  这是一道细节题,针对第二段命题。Bancrift 家族为其祖先收购华尔街日报而骄

        傲,认为他们家族成为 “public trust (公共信任)” 的所有者。其律师兼托管人也证实了这种

        所有权意识,他认为这并不是什么特别罕见的事,大报纸在美国市民中总是发挥重要作用。

        由此可以推断Bancrift 家族收购华尔街日报是想在公众生活中发挥作用。A项是本题的正确

        答案。

 

03. 【答案】  C

      【解析】  这是一道推理题,针对第二,三段命题。在第二段末,作者提到,大报纸是严肃

        的报纸,把收集新闻看做比报道耸人听闻的消息更重要(“great newspapers,” serious 

        newspapers, the kind that put gathering news ahead of sensationalism.)。 在第三段,作者

        又说,很少有地方报纸提供新闻和分析,而大报纸则提供,几乎没有大报纸赚到大把的钱

      (But fewer and fewer local newspapers supply much news and analysis. Great newspapers 

        do, and not one that I know of makes a vast amount of money)。可见大报纸更关注新闻提

        供, C项是本题其正确答案。

 

04.【答案】  D

     【解析】  这是一道句意理解题,针对第四段命题。作者在第四段中说,大报纸确实帮助国

      家事务,如揭露受贿等。《纽约时报》这个大报纸不以赢利为目的,这一点令人敬佩,但

      当我读到其对《华尔街日报》疲软的财政状况的批评时。我发现了伪善(I discovered 

       hypocrisy)。显然,这里“hypocrisy”是指《纽约时报》是不以赢利为重的,这次却长篇大

       论批评起《华尔街日报》疲软的财政状况,《纽约时报》不免有点“伪善”,变得追求利益了。

       D项是本题的正确答案。

 

05.【答案】  A

     【解析】   这是一道观点题,针对第最后一段命题。作者在最后一段强调,对于所有企业

      (报社)来说,利润都是最根本的,但首先要非常准确反映大众的品味,还有一些其它服务

        需要新闻机构提供给社会。《纽约时报》和《华尔街日报》都以很高的代价提供启迪公民的

        信息的。显然作者赞成新闻机构应该旨在向社会提供服务,A项是本题的正确答案。

                                      【阅读理解】华尔街日报 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

                                                                                                                             【阅读理解】华尔街日报 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

 

                                

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