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【阅读理解】失败与疲倦  

2011-12-30 09:31:14|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【阅读理解】失败与疲倦 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog
 
【阅读理解】                       失败与疲倦

                                                                                                                                        佳中命题


                                                                         

       Failure is probably the most fatiguing experience a person ever has. There is nothing more 

enervating than not succeeding - being blocked, not moving ahead. It is a vicious circle. Failure 

breeds fatigue, and the fatigue makes it harder to get to work, which compounds the failure.

       We experience this tiredness in two main ways: as start-up fatigue and performance fatigue. 

In the former case, we keep putting off a task that we are under some compulsion to discharge. 

Either because it is too tedious or because it is too difficult, we shirk it. And the longer we

postpone it, the more tired we feel.

       Such start-up fatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in our muscles 

and bones. The remedy is obvious, though perhaps not easy to apply: an exertion of willpower. 

The moment I find myself turning away from a job, or putting it under a pile of other things I have to 

do, I clear my desk of everything else and attack the objectionable item first. To prevent start-up 

fatigue, always tackle the most difficult job first.

        Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Here we are not reluctant to get started, but we 

cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear insurmountable and, however hard we work, 

we fail time and again. The mounting experience of failure carries with it an ever-increasing burden 

of mental fatigue. In such a situation, I work as hard as I can — then let the unconscious take over.

        So, our first step should be to use unaccountable fatigue that has no physical base as a radar

 — an early-warning system — and trace the fatigue to its source. Then we must diagnose the 

cause of this failure. In rare cases, it may be that the task really is too difficult for us. If so, we can 

acknowledge the fact and bow out. Or the block may simply be in refusing to confront the problem. 

In most cases, it can be solved by patient attention to the task at hand — with all the skill and 

resolution we can muster. That, plus the inspired help of the unconscious.

      The worst mistake we can make is to regard mental fatigue as if it were physical fatigue. We 

can recover from the latter by giving our bodies a chance to rest. But mental fatigue that results from 

failure cannot be removed by giving in to it and taking a rest. That just makes matters worse. 

Whatever the specific stumbling block is, it must be cleared up, and fast, before the fatigue of failure 

swamps us. Human beings must try to succeed. Success means never feeling tired.     

                                                                                                                                (445 words)

 

 1. The best title for this passage would be

       [A] Relation between Failure and Fatigue.

      [B] Physical and Mental Fatigue.

      [C] Combating Fatigue of Failure.

      [D] Success: Best Way to Avoid Fatigue.

 2. It can be inferred from the passage that start-up fatigue is

      [A] vicious. 

      [B] preventable.

      [C] incurable.

      [D] compulsory.

 3. Overcoming performance fatigue requires

      [A] finding the physical base of fatigue.

      [B] doing the job right the first time.

      [C] using the unconscious mind and working hard.

      [D] acknowledging the fact and bowing out.

 4. The author implies that to fight mental fatigue, we should

      [A] solve problems as they come along.

      [B] put aside all our problems.

      [C] remove the feeling of tiredness.

      [D] find out the specific stumbling block.

 5. Which of the following is not the conclusion we can draw from the passage?

      [A] Performance fatigue is caused by our unwillingness to get a difficult job started.

      [B] Start-up fatigue is more difficult to handle than performance fatigue.

      [C] Getting over fatigue of failure will help us to achieve success.

      [D] Mental fatigue may sometimes be mistaken for physical fatigue.

 

 

答案解析

 

 1. 【答案】 C

      【解析】 这是一道主旨题,针对的全文命题。篇章分析:第一段讲失败与疲倦的现象、相互

       关系;第二、三段讲start-up fatigue 的定义与应付办法;第四、五段讲perfdormacne 

       fatigue的定义与应付办法;第六段讲对付精神疲倦的办法。纵观全文,论述如何应对因失败

       而引起的疲倦,C项是本题的正确答案。

 

 2.【答案】 B

      【解析】 这是一道推理题,针对的第二、三段命题。所谓start-up fatigue指的是,当我们

       想要做一件事,有时会往后拖延(keep putting off a task),也许是因为太难,也许是此

       事太费劲,从而迟疑不决,时间拖得越久就越感到疲倦。应对办法:靠意志(an extertion 

       of willpower)。作者在文中列举了自己如何应对start-up fatigue的办法。可见start-up 

       fatigue 是可以preventable。B项是本题的正确答案。

 

 3.【答案】 C

     【解析】 这是一道细节题,针对的第四、五段命题。performance fatigue 更难应对。对

      付performance fatigue 的办法是:努力工作。让无意识起作用(In such a situation, I 

      work as hard as I can — then let the uncounscious take over. )。C项是本题的正确

      答案。

 

 4.【答案】 A

     【解析】 这是一道推理题,针对最后一段命题。最后一段讲述了对付失败引起的精神疲倦的

       办法。作者说,“无论障碍是什么,在陷入失败疲倦之前必须清除障碍,而且越快越好

     (Whatever the specific stumbling block  is, it must be cleared up, and fast, before 

      the fatigue of failure swamps us.”。 推断:不管困难是什么,我们都必须迎着困难上,

      尽快解决困难,才能避免因失败而造成的精神负担。显然,A项是本题的正确答案。

 

 5.【答案】 D

    【解析】 这是一道判断题,针对全文命题。最后一段作者说,我们可能犯的最糟糕的错误是

      将精神疲倦当作是身体疲倦。因失败而引起的精神疲倦并不能靠对它屈服或休息能解决的。

      D项的意思是“精神疲倦有时可能为被错认为是身体疲倦”,与作者所述相符合,因此是对

      的,是本题的正确的答案。 其他三项所述与文中所述相悖。



                                 【阅读理解】失败与疲倦 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

 

  

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