注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

佳中Blog

英语学习园地

 
 
 

日志

 
 

阅读理解 A(035)一位日本残疾人的感受  

2011-09-23 09:24:28|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
阅读理解 A(035)一位日本的残疾人繁荣感受 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

                 阅读理解 A(035) 

           一位日本人残疾的感受

                                               命题:佳中

 

      

                                                           Text 3

       One of the most disturbing parts of Ryo Misawa’s daily routine is his subway trip to the

office. First he must phone ahead to say he’s leaving the house. “The wheelchair is coming,”

 he warns. “Please be ready.” At the station in his Tokyo resident neighborhood, four

green-jacketed attendants are waiting to carry him and his chair down the stairs and help him

 onto the train. At the other end of the ride, a team of seven other subway employees escorts

him back to the street. They perform the job politely and professionally, but Misawa hates the

whole humiliating procedure. He doesn’t want bearers carrying him like a distinguished figure;

he wants the stations to be equipped with wheelchair-accessible elevators so he can fend for

 himself. Misawa has no doubt that a country as rich as Japan could easily afford to install

such facilities. Why hasn’t it done so? Because most Japanese never think of the disabled as

fellow human beings, Misawa contends. “They either treat us with extreme kindness or try to

ignore us,” he says. “They seem incapable of dealing naturally with anyone who is different

from them.”

      Able-bodied Japanese aren’t entirely to blame for behaving so awkwardly. No culture

values public displays of courtesy and consideration more highly than theirs — which

contributes to the problem. Many of Japan’s roughly 3.3 million physically or mentally

challenged people venture out into public as little as possible, for fear of being a bother.

It’s a measure of their success that most Japanese tend to forget they exist. Now, however,

some activists like Misawa have begun working to make their presence known, even at the

risk of causing a little temporary inconvenience for others.

   The government has tried to lead the way. Most government office buildings in Tokyo now

have restrooms designed for people in wheelchairs, and ramps have been built along the

curbs of many city streets. Five years ago the government set a handicapped workers quota

of 1.6 percent for companies. Any company that fails to meet the minimum hiring standard

must pay a penalty of 50,000 Yen for each of the unfilled positions. The sum is so trifling that

half of the firms affected simply prefer to pay the money rather than incur the greater cost of

hiring workers who might need special facilities or impede production.

     Private citizens likewise shun the disabled. Parents worry that their children might be

distracted from studying if their schools admit wheelchair-using students or others with special

needs. And homeowners, fearing for their property values, often try to block construction of

homes for the disabled in their neighborhoods.                        

                                                                                                                      (436 words)

 

31. Why is it said in the first paragraph that Misawa hates the whole humiliating procedure

      during his daily subway trip?

      [A] He feels awfully sorry for the trouble he gave the subway employees.

      [B] He hates the absence of special elevators of the disabled at the subway station.

      [C] He is not at ease when subway employees treat him politely and professionally.

      [D] He believes he can fend for himself without relying on others’ help

32. The author implies in the passage that the Japanese

      [A] deal naturally with physically or mentally challenged people.

      [B] often feel awkward in treating physically or mentally disabled persons.

      [C] always show great courtesy and consideration for the handicapped.

      [D] make a point of showing civility and concern over the disabled on the surface.

33. According the author, the disabled in Japan

      [A] are to blame for much of the problem they have to face.

      [B] are not content with what the government has done for them.

      [C] are doing their best to make their presence known to the public.

      [D] don’t mind being cared for by able-bodied persons in public places.

34. The author would most probably agree with which of the following statements?

      [A] The Japanese government has successfully made Japan a most comfortable place for

            the disabled.

      [B] The government’s great efforts will inevitably contribute to the solution of the existing

           problems of the disabled.

      [C] Despite its civility there still exists inherent disregard for the disabled in the Japanese

           society.

      [D] There are many disabled persons like Misawa who are not satisfied with what the

            government has done for them.

35. The word “shun” in the last paragraph can most probably replaced by which of the following

      words?

      [A] prevent

      [B] avoid

      [C] pity

      [D] discard

 

【答案解析】

 

31.   【答案】 C

        【考点】 推理引申。     针对第一段命题。

       【解析】   残疾人Misawa每天需乘地铁上下班,地铁站工作人员把他和轮椅一起抬下楼梯,

        送进地铁车厢。到了目的地,又有工作人员把他护送到街上。他们对他彬彬有礼,服务周

        到,但是Misawa对接受这种特殊的服务感到是一种耻辱(humiliating),因为他不希望自

        己象大人物一样被人抬上抬下(He doesn't want bearers carrying him like a distinguished

        figure)。从这句话可以推断,Misawa觉得自己象大人物一样被人抬上抬下实在不自在,

        C项的意思是是本题的正确答案。

              本题易错选B项“他恨地铁站没有安装特殊的电梯”。文中提到Misawa认为象日本这样

       富裕的国家完全应该在地铁站安装供坐轮椅者使用的电梯,这样他就可以照料自己,不用地

       铁工作人员把他抬上抬下了。但没有安装特殊的电梯本身并不是让 Misawa 感到人格上受到

       耻辱的直接原因。

 

32.   【答案】 D

       【考点】 推理引申。     针对第一段末和第二段命题。

       【解析】   作者在第一段末引用Misawa 评论日本人对残疾人的态度时说:“他们对我们不是

         过分地照顾就是全然不顾。他们似乎不懂得如何对待与自己不同的人。” 作者在第二段还

         说:“日本文化最讲究公共场合的礼貌和周到,而问题却出在这儿”。日本大约有330万患

        有生理或智力缺陷的残疾人,其中大多数因担心给他人添麻烦而极少在公共场所露面,以致

        大多数日本人已经忘记了残疾人的存在。残疾人几乎找不到工作和合适的住所,许多商店、

        饭馆和公共场所只为健全人提供服务。从上所述不难推断,作者认为日本人表面上对残疾人

        礼貌周到,而实际上并不是真正关心残疾人。因此D是本题的正确答案。

                 B项的意思是“日本人在对待生理或智力缺陷的残疾人时经常感到很尴尬”,这与文中

        所说“出现如此尴尬的行为不能完全责怪健全的日本人”意思上不完全相等。

 

33.   【答案】 A

       【考点】 推理引申。     针对第二段第3、4句命题。

       【解析】   日本的残疾人唯恐给他人添麻烦,他们大多数人很少在公共场所露面。作者在谈到

        这一点时评论说,他们这样做得太成功了,以致大多数日本人已经忘记了残疾人的存在(It is

        a measure of success that most Japanese tend to forget their exist)。 这句话暗示日本残

       疾人的问题未被公众重视残疾人自己也有过错,他们没有象 Misawa 这样的积极分子那样为

      “make their presence known”而努力活动,因此A项是本题的正确答案。

             B项的意思是日本残疾人“不满意政府已经为他们所做的一切”,文中没有谈到这一点。

      C项的意思是日本残疾人“正努力使公众知道他们的存在”,文中讲只有象Misawa 那样的一

      一些积极分子在为残疾人的存在而奔走,并不是所有的残疾人。D项的意思是日本残疾人

     “不介意日本人在公共场所照料他们”,这与文中所述相悖,他们非常介意,所以呆在家里不

       出门。

 

34.   【答案】 C

        【考点】 作者观点。      针对全文命题。

        【解析】   作者在文中阐述的重要观点是:日本社会表面上对残疾人很尊敬,而实际上并不

         关心他们的问题。从最后二段作者对日本社会和普通公民对残疾人的态度的描述中可以看出,

         日本社会上存在着对残疾人的歧视,因此C项反映了作者对日本残疾人问题的观点,是本题

         的正确答案。

                文中虽然谈到日本政府正努力为残疾人做些实事,但无法从文中得出日本政府已成功地

        使日本成为一个让残疾人过上舒适生活的国家,或日本政府的努力必然会解决残疾人的问题

        的结论,A项和B项的说法都是错的。

 

35.   【答案】 B

       【考点】 词义推测。     针对最后一段第1句命题。

       【解析】   作者在最后一段中举了两个例子。这两个例子都是说明日本普通公民对残疾人的歧

        视,因此不难推测“shun”是“躲避”的意思。B项是本题的正确答案。

 

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(414)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017