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阅读理解 A(033)外交官  

2011-09-09 09:48:21|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解 A(033)外交官 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋
 

   阅读理解 A(033)    外交官

                                                                  

                                                                   命题:佳中

 

 

 

 

                                                                            Text 1

   Diplomats are often misunderstood and unappreciated. In the popular conception, the essence of the diplomatic profession is deceit, and professional diplomats are almost universally suspected of having lost touch with their home countries and the values of their citizens.

   Perhaps one of the most seriously misunderstood functions of professional diplomats involves bargaining, or negotiations with counterparts in other countries. Again, to the average person in the street, diplomats seem to play lots of silly games when they negotiate. At the Paris peace talks aimed at bringing an end to the Vietnam War, diplomats argued for weeks over the shape of the bargaining table. Why do diplomats engage in such seemingly senseless behavior?

   An important part of the answer to that question involves a fundamental attitude that diplomats have concerning bargaining and negotiating with their counterparts. Although this concern is not made explicit in every case, almost always diplomats involved in international bargaining are less concerned about the issue immediately at hand than they are about the impact of the settlement of that issue on the resolution of future issues.

   Diplomats engaged in bargaining are always concerned that a concession on the present issue will imply that concessions on similar or related issues in the future will be expected and will be very difficult to refuse. In short, because the status quo is so important, and because the settlement of the present issue can establish a precedent for the settlement of future issues, diplomats are anxious to avoid giving the impression that they make concessions easily. The shape of the bargaining table may not itself be an important issue, but concessions quickly granted on that issue may create expectations of quick concessions on additional issues that will be difficult to overcome. And if the diplomat creates the impression that he is a little crazy for being so stubborn about the shape of the bargaining table, that may not be all bad. If a diplomat can convey the impression that he is really a tough nut to crack even on such a seemingly minor issue as the shape of the bargaining table, that reputation may stand him in good position during negotiations over the succeeding, more important issues.

   Diplomatic bargaining, though, is not a simple game in which one succeeds by adopting extreme positions and sticking to them firmly. The trick, then, is to select an initial position that is sufficiently extreme to allow a little “give” in the course of negotiations but not so extreme as to cause negotiations to break down from the start.                     

                                                                                                                        (424 words)  

 

21. In the eyes of ordinary people, professional diplomats .

      [A] are not doing a respectable job.

      [B] always cheats their countrymen.

      [C] are good at nothing but playing silly games.

      [D] engage in senseless behavior in negotiations.

22. To the diplomats, the first concern in their negotiations is

      [A] the settlement of the issue immediately at hand.

      [B] the attitude of their counterparts in negotiation.

      [C] the effect of future solutions on the present issues

      [D] the better position in the following negotiations.

23. Diplomats rarely make concessions on minor issues because

      [A] they are crazy for being stubborn.

      [B] there are no real minor issues in negotiation.

      [C] they believe that they stand in good position.

      [D] this stubbornness may be helpful in future negotiations.

24. In the fourth paragraph, the phrase “a tough nut to crack” may most probably refer to a diplomat

       who

      [A] excels at bargaining in negotiation.

      [B] has ill reputation for being stubborn.

      [C] is difficult to deal with in negotiation.

      [D] acts foolishly on seemingly minor issues.

25. What the author advises diplomats to do is

     [A] change their image of being stubborn in negotiation.

     [B] allow a little “give” in some important issues.

     [C] give necessary concessions to fulfil ultimate goals.

     [D] stick to their extreme positions throughout the course.

 

 篇章分析

 

  第1~2段: 提出主题,外交官经常被人错误理解(Diplomats are offen misunderstood and

                      unappreciated.)

                      一般人对外交官的印象: 搞欺骗,玩弄游戏。

                        In the popular conception, the essence of the diplomtic profession is deceit.

                        Again, to the average person in the street, diplomats seem to play lots of silly

                        games when they negotiate.

 

  第3~4段:对人们对外交官错误理解作出解释。

                    1)为什么外交官会表现从似乎毫无意义的行为?

                                a) almost always dipolmats involved in international bargaining are less

                         concerned about the issue immediately at hand than they are about the impact of

                         the settlemen of that issue on the resolution of future issues.

                                b) the settlement of the present issue can establish a precedent for the

                         settlement of future issues

 

                    2) 为什么外交官在谈判时不轻易作出让步?

                               concessions quicly granted on that issue may create expectations of quick

                         concessions on additional issues that will be difficult to overcome.

 

                    3) 为什么外交官对谈判桌形状这样的小问题也是如此顽固?

                              If a diplomat can convey the impression that he is really a tough net to crack

                         even on such a seemingly minor issue as the shape of the bargaining table, that

                         reputation may stand him in good position during negotiations over the succeeding,

                         more  important issues.

 

   第5段   作者观点:外交谈判不是光凭强硬就能成功的,因此

                      The trick, then, is to select an initial position that is sufficiently extreme to allow a little

             “give” in the course of negotiations but not so extreme as to cause negotiations to break

                down from the start.

 

          通过上述分析, 你能感觉到此文的命题点在哪里了吧。 一般人如何看待外交官肯定要出一道

   题; 作者对三个为什么的解释分别会出一道题;最后作者的的观点也会出一道题。

 

   答案    A  D  D  C  C    

 

   你做的如何?这篇阅读理解不算难,错一道题正常,错二道题麻烦。

 

 

 

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