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阅读理解 A(039)对中学电脑教育的看法  

2011-10-17 09:29:50|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解 A(039)对中学电脑教育的看法 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog
 阅读理解    
  对中学电脑教育的看法

                                        命题:佳中

 

 

          

                                                              

      Is this happening in your neighborhood? Children, notebook computers stuck under their arms,

await the yellow bus for the trip to middle school. On the surface, the question of computers in

schools is a no-brainer. It would be strange to insist that today’s technology shouldn’t be used to

make the classroom experience more individualized, more effective, more immediate, and more

exciting. Computers have been in schools more than 20 years — and indeed done some good.

    However, determining the proper role of computers in schools is too important be left to 

educators. Educators forever seem to seek the ultimate in curricular or teaching tools. They are 

always preoccupied with innovation — new math, whole language, open classrooms and mastery 

learning, to name a few. Some ideas turned out well and over time have earned permanent 

positions in our education systems. Others reflected change for change’s sake and wound up in 

the trash bin. So an educated public with clear and realistic expectations needs to help determine 

the right track for technology. 

     Exactly what is to be solved with computers in schools? How can we improve instructional 

capacity and flexibility? How can we make teachers more productive by letting students take 

advantage of programmed learning tools? These are the problems educators must be confronted 

with, despite the fact much has been accomplished with computer assisted instruction.

    That is not the same as making the computer a symbol of well-established educational policy.

There is danger in the message that a child is not fully educated if he or she can’t surf the World

Wide Web skillfully, move around in Windows or the Finder, or use program in Logo or basic. 

These skills can be learned outside the classroom. Worse, the time it takes students to acquire 

them is time stolen from the legitimate teaching schedule — and that is a bad trade. On the other 

hand, most schools don't have the money to replace PC on the two- to three-year cycle that shifting 

technologies demand. And who teaches the teachers? These are the really tough issues — the 

ones that more hardware won’t solve.

     Children are best served when schools contribute to shaping the solid foundations on which 

their future will be built. The student who can read with curiosity and understanding, who has 

mastered basic mathematical concepts, who can evaluate ideas critically, is the one schools 

should aim to produce.                                               

                                                                                                           (395 words)

 

01. A “no-brainer” in the first paragraph probably means

      [A] something that is taken for granted..

      [B] an idea that is brainless and foolish.

      [C] a technique that makes students use their brains less.

      [D] a problem that is not worthy of serious consideration.

02. In the author’s opinion, the teachers in schools

      [A] are wrong in seeking innovations with computer for the change.

      [B] fail to utilize computers properly in classroom.

      [C] teach students with computers in a unrealistic way.

      [D] depend upon computers too much in teaching.

03. Teaching computer skills in classroom is a bad practice mainly because

      [A] students can learn very little in computer-assisted courses.

      [B] most schools’ computers are too obsolete to meet the needs of teaching.

      [C] the teachers’ computer skills are inadequate for their teaching work.

      [D] it takes up too much time which might have been spent on regular courses.

04. Which of the following statements does the author agree with?

      [A] There is no need to teach students computer skills in classroom.

      [B] It is a danger for a student not to be able to surf the World Wide Web skillfully.

      [C] The present way of teaching computers in schools leaves much to be desired.

      [D] Computer teaching is not an indispensable part of a well-established educational policy. 

05. In the last paragraph the author implies that

      [A] computers have nothing to do with shaping the solid foundations for students. 

      [B] schools should aim at teaching basic concepts without using computers.

      [C] the fundamental purpose of an education is being ignored.

      [D] students can master knowledge without computers

 

                                   阅读理解 A(039)对中学电脑教育的看法 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

 

篇章分析  

        电脑已广泛应用于中学教学,虽然电脑技术在中学教学中起到一定的作用,当仍存在不少

问题, 作者在本文中谈论了自己对电脑应用于中学教学的看法。

 

     第一段: 肯定电脑已广泛应用于中学并起到一些好的作用。

     第二段: 指出电脑在中学教学中还没有走上正轨。

     第三段: 中学电脑教学中有待解决的几个问题。

     第四段: 在电脑应用课堂教学中的错误观点和做法。

     第五段: 不能忽视中学教育的根本宗旨。

 

答案解析   

 

01.【答案】  A

       【解析】  这是一道词语题,针对第一段命题。要理解“no-brainer”的含义,关键是要理解下

        一句的意思。“如果坚持认为今天的电脑技术不应当用来使课堂教学变得更个性化、更有效、

        更直接和更激动人心那就奇怪了。”从这句话可以推断电脑应用于学校是理所当然的事,这

        是不加思索就可以回答的问题。英语中的“no-brainer”是“不加思索”的意思,因此A项是本题

        的正确答案。


02 【答案】  B     

      【解析】  这是一道观点题,针对第二段命题。作者在第二段开头说,决定电脑在课堂教学

        的作用太重要,不能留给教育者来决定。接着作者对老师在课堂应用电脑的情况作了描述。

        虽然有些老师应用电脑的想法在教学起了好的作用,但是许多老师只是把电脑看作课程的

        工具,不断地尝试各种想法,结果都扔进垃圾桶。所以,社会上的有识之士应该帮助他们

         走上电脑技术的正确轨道。换言之。作者认为老师在课堂上没有能适当应用电脑,B项是

        本题的正确答案。

              本题易错选A项,应用电脑求教学上的改革本身没有错,文中是说为求变化而变化

       (change for change’s sake)不好。


03.【答案】  D

      【解析】  这是一道细节题。本题比较容易,实际上针对第四段第3句命题。作者说,更糟糕

       的是,学生学会这些电脑技术所花的时间是从正规教学计划那里偷来的,这是一笔坏交易。

       所谓“偷”指的就是占用正常的教学时间,因此D项是本题的正确答案。


04.【答案】  C

       【解析】  这是一道推理题。电脑用于中学课堂教学有许多问题有待解决,但作者并没有前

       盘否定 堂教学中应用电脑,只是认为没有走上正轨,因此可以推断作者认为“目前在中学

       应用电脑的方法有待于改进”,C项是本题的正确答案。C项中的“leave much to desired”是固

       定短语,意为  “有待于改进”。

                 本题易错选B项和D项。B项的意思是“学生不能熟练上网冲浪是危险的”,这与第四段第

       2的意思不符,文中是说认为学生不能上网冲浪的说法(message)是危险的。第四段第1

       句的意思是这(指电脑教学存在问题)与把电脑作为良好教育方针的标志不是一回事,而D

       项的意思是电脑不是教育方针中的重要组成部分,意义上反了。


05.【答案】  C

      【解析】  这是一道推理题,针对最后一段命题。作者在最后一指出:学校要为学生的未来打

       下坚实的基础,培养学生阅读理解能力,掌握数学基本概念和独立评价事物的能力。如果学

        校做到这些,那么学生就得到最好的服务。联系上一段中讲到学校为教学生电脑技术占用不

        少正常的教学时间,可以推断作者写最后一段的目的上想说教育的根本宗旨被忽视了,C项

        是本题的正确答案。



                              阅读理解 A(039)对中学电脑教育的看法 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

 

 

 

 

 

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