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阅读理解A(41)负面情感要不要发泄出来?  

2011-10-26 08:06:54|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解A(41)负面情感要不要发泄出来? - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

    阅读理解A (41)    

                      负面情感要不要发泄出来?

                                                                命题: 佳中

 

 

 

                                                                            Text 1

        Many people assume that sharing feelings openly and often is a positive ideal that promotes

mental health. But some social critics and psychologists now conclude that repressing one’s feelings

may do more good than venting emotion. A small number of researchers are taking an serious look

at the general assumption that speaking out and declaring one’s feelings is better than holding them

in.

       At Suffolk University, psychologist Jane Bybee classified high-school students on the basis of

their self-awareness: “Sensitizers” were extremely aware of their internal states, “repressors” focused

little on themselves, and “intermediates” occupied the middle range. Bybee then collected student

evaluations of themselves and each other, along with teacher evaluations of the students. On the

whole, the repressors were more socially and academically successful than their more “sensitized”

classmates. Bybee speculated that repressed people, not emoters, may have a better balance of

moods.

       In a study at Catholic University in Washington, D.C., research George Bonanno tested the

assumption that, in order to recover mental health, people need to vent negative emotions by

discussing their feelings openly. Bonanno and other researchers found that, among adolescent

girls who had suffered form misfortunes, those who “showed emotional avoidance” were healthier

than those who more openly expressed grief or anger.

      One study of disaster survivors supports Bonanno in suggesting that verbalizing strong emotions

 may not improve a person’s mental health. Researchers found that disaster survivors who were

encouraged to talk about their experiences in the disaster turned out to be psychologically worse than

 repressors. They concluded that repression was not a pathological response to disaster experience

 and that “talking out” process failed to put an end to the agonies of the survivors”

      Sommers notes that in many societies it has been considered normal to repress private feelings,

and that “in most cultures stoicism and reticence are valued, while the free expression of emotions is

deemed a personal shortcoming.” She is concerned that pushing someone to be “sensitizers” may

also create a preoccupation with self that excludes outside interests. Sommers is particularly critical of

educational approaches that attempt to encourage self-discovery and self-esteem through excessive

“openness”.

       However, repressing one’s bad feelings may not always be good to emotional health, according to

Jeffrey Simpson, a psychologist of the National Institute of Mental Health. He maintains that healthy

stoicism should not be confused with the emotional numbness that may be brought on by post-traumatic

 stress disorder. Most people experiencing such traumas as war, assault, or natural disaster can benefit

from immediate counseling.           

                                                                                                                  (422 words)

 

21. Some researchers have recently found that

      [A] repressing one’s feelings may do more harm than letting them out.

      [B] speaking out one’s unhappy feelings is better than holding them in.

      [C] expressing one’s negative emotions may cause problems to one’s mental health.

      [D] the positive ideal for sound mental health is to share feelings with others.

22. According to Jane Bybee, as compared with “repressors”, “sensitizers” are

      [A] less emotionally healthy.

      [B] extremely sensitive to others’ feelings.

      [C] positively evaluated by their teachers.

      [D] capable of controlling their moods.

23. Bonanno would most probably agree with the view that

      [A] adolescent girls tend to avoiding talking about their misfortunes.

      [B] not talking about one’s disaster experience is better than talking it out.

      [C] people having experienced bad emotions should discuss their feeling openly.

      [D] speaking out strong emotions help to relieve the agonies of disaster survivors.

24. It can be inferred from the fifth paragraph that people’s tendency to repress private feelings

      [A] is rooted in social values.

      [B] was developed at school.

      [C] stems from self-esteem.

      [D] is deemed a personal shortcoming.

35. Jeffrey Simpson’s attitude towards the issue is one of

      [A] strong disapproval.

      [B] enthusiastic support.

      [C] reasonable detachment.

      [D] reserved consent.

 

 

答案解析

21.   【答案】 C

       【考点】 主旨大意。     针对第1段命题。

       【解析】   文章第一段提出论点。一般人们认为将不愉快的情感说出来对精神健康有好处,但最近有

        些研究人员发现,在有些情况下压抑个人情感比发泄出来对精神健康更有利(but some social critics

        and psychologists now conclude that repressing one’s feeling may do more good than venting

        emotion)。文中列举了三项试验,都支持这一观点。采用逆向思维,压抑个人情感比发泄出来对精

        神健康更加有利,也就是说把不愉快的情感表达出来反而对精神健康有害,因此可以断定C项是本题

        的正确答案。A项、B项和D项都是许多人原先的想法。

 

22.   【答案】 A

       【考点】 论证观点。     针对第2段命题。

       【解析】   第二段列举Bybee的试验,其结果是:总的来说能压抑情感的学生比对内心情感敏感的学

        生在社交能力和学业成绩上都要强(On the whole, the repressors were more socially and

        academically successful than their more “sensitized classmates”),能很好地控制情感(have a

        better balance of moods)。本题也是反命题。与上题一样,采用逆向思维,对内心情感敏感的学生

        比之能压抑情感的学生精神健康来得差,所以A项是本题的正确答案。

             B项不对。文中说对自己内心情感敏感,而不是对别人的情感敏感。C项是“得到老师好的评

        价”,与文中所述相反,应该是评价差。

23. 【答案】 B

       【考点】 论证观点。     针对第3~4段命题。

      【解析】   从第三、四段的论说可以看出,Bonanno的观点与从事对经历灾难的人的情感研究者的观

       点是一致的,也就是说Bonanno支持对经历灾难的人的情感研究者的观点:说出经历灾难后的情感的

       人在心理上反而比能压抑情感的人差(disaster survivors who were encouraged to talk about their

       experiences in the disaster turned out to be psychologically worse than repressors)。B项的意思

       是“不把经历灾难后的情感说出来比说出来好”,符合上述观点,因此是本题的正确答案。

 

24.   【答案】 A

        【考点】 推理引申。     针对第5段命题。

        【解析】   第五段谈论Sommers的观点。Sommers注意到在许多社会里,人们将压抑个人情感看作

         normal,因为人们认为“stoicism(坚忍)”和“reticence(缄默)”是美德,而随便表达自己的

         情感被认为是缺点。从这句话可以推理,在这些社会里,人们往往压抑自己的情感是受社会观念的

         影响,也就是说其根源在于社会观念,A项是本题的正确答案。

 

25.   【答案】 D

        【考点】 论证态度。     针对最后一段命题。

       【解析】   最后一段谈论Jeffrey Simpson的看法。他认为把不愉快的情感压抑起来并不总是对精神健

        康有利的(repressing one’s bad feelings may not always be good to emotional health),不应把

        坚忍与受重大创伤后造成的情感麻木相混淆。对于大多数经历战争、袭击和自然灾难等重大创伤的人

        最好还是找专家咨询为好(Most people experiencing such traumas as war, assault and natural

        disaster can benefit from immediate counseling)。从这些话可以断定,Jeffrey Simpson对压抑个

        人情感比发泄出来对精神健康更有利的说法总体是支持的但有所保留意见。D项是本题的正确答案。

 

 

 

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