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阅读理解A (43)日本社会自闭症  

2011-10-31 07:44:51|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解A (43)日本社会自闭症 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

   阅读理解A (43)        

                          日本社会自闭症

                                                                    命题: 佳中

 

 

                                                                               Text 3

         Hikikomori has become a major issue in Japan. Loosely translated as “social withdrawal”, hikikomori

 refers to the state of behavioral disturbance into which an increasing number of young Japanese seem to

fall these days. Socially withdrawn kids typically lock themselves in their rooms and refuse to have any contact

with the outside world. They live in reverse: they sleep all day, wake up in the evening and stay up all night

watching television of playing video games. Some own computers or mobile phones, but most have few or no

friends.

      Hikikomori is a consequence of the phenomenal growth of economy and tremendous technological

progress during the latter half of the 20th century. Japanese society is now caught in a paradox: it is

concerned with the increase of socially withdrawn kids, while at the same time it applauds gizmos like the new

Sony Play Station, which comes equipped with an Internet terminal and a DVD player. Technology like that

has made it possible to produce animated movies and graphics, as well as conduct commercial transactions,

without stepping out of the house. It inevitably fixes people in their individual space. In this information society,

none of us can be free from being somewhat socially withdrawn.

       Miscommunication prevails throughout our society: between management and employees, between the

government and the people. Yet this malfunctioning of communication has nothing to do with Japan’s

“uniqueness”, some essence inherent in its history or tradition that sets it apart from other nations.

       The cause of the malfunctioning is quite simple. By the 1970s, we had already achieved the national goal

and we had worked hard to build a modern technological state. When that great goal was attained, we lost

much of the motivating force that had knitted the nation so tightly together. Affluent Japanese do not know

what kind of lifestyle to take up now. That uncertainty has pulled people further apart and caused a whole

series of social problems. Hikikomori is naturally one of them. 

       “Socially withdrawn” people find it extremely painful to communicate with the outside world, and thus they

turn to the tools that bring virtual reality into their closed rooms. However, they must face reality themselves.

The country has to accept that World War II ended long ago — and so did the glory days of national

restoration and economic growth. We don’t need the state to come up with an alternative national goal.

Instead Japan should develop into a society in which each member is able to set his or her own aims. That’s

not easy, but nor is it impossible. If the culture cannot adjust and drowns in the waves of technology, Japan will

end up sinking even deeper into great confusion.                                         

                                                                                                               (450 words)

 

31. According to the author, the socially withdrawal problem in Japan is 

      [A] a side-product of vast changes in economy and technology.

      [B] the most serious social problem the Japanese youth has to face.

      [C] a reflection of the behavioral disturbance of the Japanese youth.

      [D] a phenomenon exclusive in the Japanese youth.

32. Why is it said that Japan is now caught in a paradox?

      [A] None of its people can be free from socially withdrawal.

      [B] Technology is advancing too fast for its people to follow.

      [C] It intends to help the affected kids but meanwhile has to embrace new technology

      [D] More and more young kids fix themselves in their individual space

33. The malfunctioning of communication in Japanese society is due to

      [A] the increasing number of socially withdrawn people.

      [B] “uniqueness” inherent in its history or tradition.

      [C] a whole series of social problems.

      [D] the loss of orientation in its goals.

34. It can be concluded that, when facing the world filled with virtual realty, many Japanese youths

      [A] mistake virtual reality for real reality.

      [B] don’t know how to deal with real things.

      [C] are drowned in the waves of technology.

      [D] find it painful to communicate with the outside world.

35. It is stated in the passage that, to solve the problem of socially withdrawal, Japan should

      [A] have its people set their own objects to pursue.

      [B] come up with an alternative national goal.

      [C] keep pace with the advance of technology.

      [D] solve its multitude of social problems first.

 

 

答案解析

31.   【答案】 A

        【考点】 具体细节。     针对第二段第1句命题。

        【解析】   全文阐述日本的社会自闭症。作者在文章第一段介绍了日本社会自闭症的情况,接着在第二段开

         始谈了他对日本社会自闭症的看法。他认为社会自闭症是二十世纪后叶日本经济显著增长和技术进步的产物

       (a consequence of the phenomenal growth of economy and tremendous technological progress),即是

        日本经济和技术发展的副产品。A项是本题的正确答案。

                从文中得不出自闭症是日本青年必须面对的最严重的社会问题,不能选B项。除了青年人以外,成年人

        也或多或少会患自闭症(none of us can be free from being somewhat socially withdrawn),自闭症不是

        日本年青人特有的现象,也不能选D项。C项的意思是“是日本青年人行为混乱的反映”,意义是太笼统。

 

32.   【答案】 C

        【考点】 因果原委。     针对第二段命题。

        【解析】   作者在第二段中说日本社会面对严重的社会自闭症现象处于两难境地。这是因为一方面它要关注

患社会自闭症的青少年的人数在增加,另一方面它又必须为科技发展的新技术喝采(it is concerned with the

increase of socially withdrawn kids, while at the same time it applauds gizmos like the new Sony Play Station)。

C项反映上述意思,为本题的正确答案。A项、B项和D项的意思都没有反映出“paradox”的意思。

 

   33.   【答案】 D

           【考点】 因果原委。     针对第四段命题。

           【解析】   作者在第四段分析了造成日本社会人与人之间沟通存在障碍的原因。二战后日本通过努力将国

            家建设成为一个现代化的国家。 然而在实现这个伟大目标后,日本人却失去了曾经把日本民族凝聚在一

            起的动力(lost much of the motivating force that had knitted the nation so tightly together)。富裕起来

            的日本人不知道应该采取什么样的生活方式(do not know what kind of lifestyle to take up now)。 也就

            是说日本人迷失了目标方向,D是本题的正确答案。

 

34.   【答案】 B

        【考点】 结论归纳。     针对最后一段前半段命题。

        【解析】   患社会自闭症的人发现自己很难与外界沟通,于是他们把自己关在房中,转向虚拟世界。对此作

         者评论说这些人必须面对现实(However, they must face reality themselves)。从作者这两句话我们可以

         推断,许多患社会自闭症的日本青年人不知如何面对实现世界,B项是本题的正确答案。

                本题易错选D项,错选的原因是混淆了因果关系。“发现与外界交流是痛苦的”是许多患社会自闭症的

         年青人转向虚拟世界的原因,不是结果。本题也不能选A项, A项的意思是“将虚拟的东西错当作真实的东

          西”。文中并没有表达患自闭症的人是将虚拟的东西错当作真实的东西。

 

35. 【答案】 A

      【考点】 作者观点。     针对最后一段后半段命题

      【解析】   作者在文章结尾提出解决日本社会自闭症的建议。他认为日本现在不需要国家再提出一个全国性

       的目标,而是每个日本人应该有自己追求的目标(We don’t need the state to come up with an alternative

       national goal. Instead Japan should develop into a society in which each member is able to set his or her

       own aims)。A项是本题的正确答案。

      

 

 

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