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【阅读理解】所谓青少年叛逆  

2012-02-14 08:51:34|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【阅读理解】所谓青少年叛逆 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

   【阅读理解】         所谓青少年叛逆

                                                                               佳中命题

 

 

 

 

        Many parents complain that their teenage children are rebelling. They greet their children’s teenage

with needless dread. While teenagers may assault us with heavy-metal music, wear strange clothes, have

strange hair styles, and spend all their time dating or meeting friends, such behavior scarcely adds up to

full-scale revolt.  

       Take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are all taking the same way of showing

that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their wing, most of them are clutching at

one another’s hands for reassurance. Their reason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the

crowd is doing it. It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against popularity wave and to

go his or her own way. They have come out of their cocoon — into a larger cocoon.

       Teenage rebellion, according to psychologist Laurence Steinberg, co-author of You and Your Adolescent,

has been greatly overstated. Many other psychologists agree. The idea that teenagers inevitably rebel is a

myth that has the potential for great family harm. This notion can damage communication during this critical

time for parents to influence youngsters.

       Still adolescence is often a trying time of transition for child and parent. Teenagers need to establish

themselves as individuals — in their own minds and in the eyes of others. This search isn’t about rebellion:

it’s about becoming a person of one’s own. “Teenagers ought to be growing away from their parents and

learning to stand on their own two feet,” says Steinberg.

       Here is one way parents can help: don’t stereotype. “Parents who expect teenage rebellion may

actually stir it up.” Says Kenneth I. Howard, a member of a research team that collected survey data on more

than 20 000 teenagers over a 28-year period.

      Howard cautions parents not to resort to suppression at the first sign of adolescent independence, fearful

that giving in even slightly now means drugs cannot be far behind. When parents overreact, teenagers assert

themselves more, parents clamp down harder, and a full-scale blowup results.

      In fact, psychologists say there is no inevitable pattern to teenage behavior, and no such creature as a

typical teenager. Your teenager is now larger, stronger, older and smarter than before, with an additional

supply of hormone raging through the bloodstream. But he or she is still the same human being you have lived

with since birth. Given a chance, your son or daughter will continue to behave in ways you have established.                         

                                                                                                                           (420 words) 

 

1. It is evident that the author tries to __________.

    [A] discuss the problem of teenage rebellion and ways to cope with it

    [B] refute psychologists’ views about teenage behaviors

    [C] clarify the misconception about teenage rebellion

    [D] advise the parents how to get along with their teenagers

2. According to this passage, adolescence is a time during which ________.

    [A] parents should exert great influence on their youngsters

    [B] teenagers have a great potential for family harm

    [C] communication between teenagers and parents are easy to break down

    [D] teenagers establish themselves as persons of their own

3. According to Howard, which of the following statement is true?

    [A] Teenagers should be given adolescent independence on a full scale

    [B] Teenage rebellion is merely a sign that teenagers want to pattern their own behaviors

    [C] Parents’ stereotyping teenagers may add up to full-scale revolt

    [D] Parents’ suppression will cause severe blowups of communication with their teenagers

4. The author tries to convey to the parents the idea that they ________.

    [A] should always establish ways of behavior for their sons and daughters

    [B] should offer more chances for their teenagers to pattern their own behaviors

    [C] should not give in even slightly for there would no drugs to cure their teenagers

    [D] should not expect their teenagers to pattern behaviors of their own

5. By saying “Instead of striking out boldly on their wind, most of them are clutching at one another’s hands

    for reassurance”, the author means that teenagers __________.

    [A] are subject to popularity wave of their peers

    [B] like to get their own way in the crowd

    [C] strive to come of their cocoon into a large one

    [D] ally themselves to rebel against their parents

 

 答案解析

  1.  【答案】 C

       【考点】 主旨大意。     针对全文命题。

       【解析】   在许多父母眼里,现在的青少年都有点“反叛”,他们经常违背父母的意旨行事。作者在文中

         对青少年的“反叛”作了分析,认为他们的行为算不上是“反叛”,只不过是随波逐流罢了。作者在文

         中还引用了一些心理学家的观点来证明青少年的“反叛”是正常的现象。如:“Teenagers ought to be

         growing away from their parents and learning to stand on their own two feet”和“Parents who expect

         teenage rebellion may actually stir it up”等。作者写本文的目的显然是为了澄清人们对“teenagers

         inevitably rebel”的错误看法,因此C项是本题的正确答案。

                本题易错选A项。A项的意思是“讨论青少年的反叛及其对付的办法”,前半项的意思对,但后半项的

        意思错。认为青少年的行为并不是“反叛”,怎么可能讨论对付的办法呢。文中虽然涉及到心理学家对青

        少年“反叛”行为的看法和告诫父母应如何处理与孩子的关系,但这些都不是本文论述的中心内容,B项和

        D项都不能选。

 

 2. 【答案】 D

     【考点】 概念含义。     针对第四段命题。

     【解析】   应该如何是看待青少年?作者在第四段给青少年时代下了定义。他认为青少年时期(adolescence)

      对于孩子和父母都至关重要,青少年在这个时期需要建立自己的形象(establish themselves as individuals

      -- in their minds and in the eyes of others),这样做并不是反叛,而是要成为独立的个人(about becoming

      a person of one’s own)。因此作为父母对自己孩子行为不要过于约束,要多给孩子机会,让他们有个性地

      发展。由此可以判断,作者认为青少年时期是青少年建立自我形象形成个性的重要时期,D项是本题的正确答

      案。

 

3. 【答案】 D

    【考点】 信息判断。     针对第五、六段命题。

    【解析】   作者在第五、六段用Howard的看法佐证他的观点。Howard告诫父母不要一成不变地看待孩子

    (don’t stereotype),不要一看到孩子有独立的倾向就压制(not to resort to suppression at the first sign

      of adolescent independence)。Howard认为父母的反应越是过激,孩子们就会更加表现他们自己(assert

      themselves),父母越是压制孩子们的行为,就越容易导致父母与孩子们之间的关系的破裂(a full-scale

      blow up results)。D项的意思是“父母的压制会造成与青少年的交流破裂”,符合作者Howard的见解,因

      此 D项是本题的正确答案。

            A项、B项和C项所用的词语都是文中出现的,但在意思表达上错位,与文中所述不符。考生在做这类题

      时务必要正确理解文章中的意思,不要被似是而非的选择所干扰。

 

 4. 【答案】 B

     【考点】 作者观点。     针对最后一段命题。

     【解析】   作者在文中明确表示了自己的观点,认为青少年期间是青少年建立自我形象形成个性的重要时期,

      作为父母不要不过多地压抑孩子们的行为。作者在最后一段中强调指出,对于青少年的行为没有必然的模式,

      也没有典型的青少年楷模。你的孩子现在长大了,长得健壮了,变得更加聪明了,全身充满着活力,应该给

      孩子们更多的机会,让他们形成自己的行为风格(Given a chance, your son or daughter will continue to

      behave in ways you have established),即B项所说的“应该给青少年更多的机会让他们建立自己的行为,

      因此B项是本题的正确答案。

             本题易错选A项,主要是对最后一句话的理解错误。该句的意思是“给他们机会,你的儿女会像你建立

      自己的行为那样建立他们自己的行为”,是你的儿女自己建立自己的行为,并不是父母为自己的儿女建立行

      为榜样。

 

 5.【答案】 A

    【考点】 句意理解。     针对第二段命题。

    【解析】   作者在分析青少年的所谓“反叛”精神时说:“大多数青少年并不是翅膀硬了,而是牵着彼此的手

     以求安慰。”这句话的内含从上下文很容易推断出来。作者解释说,青少年的表现都是一个样,对父母的意见

     有不同的看法。他们之所以这样想或那样做是由于青少年都是这样做的(the crowd is doing it),他们很难对

     抗潮流(popularity wave),按自己的行为方式发生行事。显然A项本题的正确答案。

 

 

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