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【语法结构】“动词 …… of …… ”结构  

2012-12-06 20:00:44|  分类: 语法结构 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【语法结构】“动词 …… of …… ”结构 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

【语法结构】         “ 动词 ....... of …… ”  结构

                                                                                   佳中

 

在这一结构中,of  有可有两层意思:

 

A. 与 remind、warn、notify、apprise、advise、convince、persuade、

     assure、supect、accuse、convict等动词连用时,of 用法接近 about,表

     示“关于”“涉及到”的意思,提及某方面的信息。

 

remind sb. of sth.    提醒某人某事; 使某人想起某事

 

1)Please remind me of the time when I should finish my speech.

     到我该结束发言的时候请提醒我一下。

2)Now that you remind me of this matter, I have a vague impression of it.

     这事经你一提醒,我脑子里依稀对这件事有点印象了。

3)The story reminds me of an experience I once had.

     这个故事使我想起我的一次亲身经历。

   

inform sb. of sth.    通知某人某事; 

 

1)We will inform you of the result as soon as we have completed the experiment.   

     我们一完成了实验就会告知你结果。

2)Please inform us of your decision and we will act accordingly.

     请把你们的决定通知我们,我们会照着去办的。

3)The appellant shall also be informed of any right to further appeal.

     上诉人还应被告知可进一步上诉的任何权利。

 

advise sb. of sth.    告知某人某事

 

1)Experienced seamen will advise you about sailing in this weather.

     有经验的海员会告诉你在这种天气下的航行情况.

 2)They have advised us of their program to establish a new power station in the area.   

      他们已告知我们他们要在该地区建造一个新电厂的计划。

 3)The public have been advised of the new regualtions.

      已将新规则公布于众。

 

notify sb. ofsth.   通知某人某事

 

 1)Please notify us of any change of address in time.

      地址如有变动,请及时通知我们。

 2)Whenever a software update is available you will be notified of it.

      如果有新的升级软件时,你会收到通知。

 3)Due to your excessive delay in delivery, we notify you of our cancellation of 

       contract.

      由于贵公司交货延误时间太长,我们已取消了订货合同,特此通知。

 

apprise sb. of sth.    通知某人某事

 

1)We must apprise them of the dangers that may be involved.

      我们必须告诉他们可能涉及的危险。

2)After our technicians have the damage appraised, we will apprise you of the results.

     待我们的技术人员鉴定损失后, 我们会通知你结果。

3)The court clerk will notify you of when and where to appear.

     法院办事员将通知你出庭的时间及地点。

 

warn sb. of sth.    警告某人某事、告诫某人某事

 

1)We have warned them of the possible risks involved in the project.

      我们已经警告过他们这一项目可能会涉及到的风险。

 2)Black clouds warned us of the approaching storm.

      乌云警示我们风暴即将来临。

 3)Two men waved flags to warn the drivers of the danger ahead.

      两位男子挥舞着旗子警告驾驶前方有危险。

 

convince sb. of sth.    使某人相信某事、说服某人相信某事

 

1)No matter how hard I tried. I could not convince him of the truth of the matter.

     不管我怎么努力,我无法使他相信事情的真相。

 2)We find it difficult to convince them of the feasiblity of the project.

      我们发现很难说服他们相信这一项目的可行性。

 3)We must convince the students of the need for wider reading.

      我们必须让学生们认识到广泛阅读的必要性。

 

persuade sb. of sth.     使某人相信某事、说服某人相信某事

 

 1)Since John let me down time and again, he will never persuade me of his   

      sincerity and truthfulness.

      约翰一次又一次地让我失望,他再也不能让我相信他的诚意。

 2)They tried to persuade us of the truth of the report.

      他们竭力想让我们相信报道是真实的。

 3)Despite his repeated explanations, he could not persuade me of his innocence.

      尽管他一再解释,他无法说服我他是无辜的。

 

assure sb. of sth.    向某人保证某事、使某人确信某事

 

      1)I can assure you of the ac curacy of the figures used in the report. I have 

            checked them time and again.

            我可以向你保证用于报告的数据的正确性,因为我再三核对过。

      2)We wish to assure you of the punctual shipment of your order.

            我们向你方保证按时装运你方订货。

      3)Last night's resounding victory over Birmingham City has virtually assured  

           them of promotion.

           昨晚大胜伯明翰城队实际上已确保他们能够晋级。

      4)Picasso’s artistic genius and achievement assured him of a dominant place  in 

           the history of modern art.

           毕加索的艺术天才和成就确定了他在中国现代艺术历史中的地位。

 

suspect sb. of sth.    怀疑某人做了某事

 

1)I suspect him of having given away the details of the contract to the rival company.

     我怀疑他把合同的细节洩露给公司的竞争对手。

2)Why do you suspect the truth of the information? Have you got any evidence 

     against it?

     你为什么凭空怀疑这消息的真实性? 你拿到什么证据吗?

3)He couldn't explain the irregularities in the balance sheet, and I suspect him of 

     taking the money.

     他无法解释资产负债表中的不正常的情况, 我怀疑他把钱放进自己腰包了。

 

accuse sb. of sth.    指责、谴责、指控某人某事,of 后可接 sth. 或 doing sth.。

 

1)His father would accuse him of neglecting his filial duties.

     他的父亲会指责他不尽孝道。

2)The police accused her assistant of theft and fraud.

     警方指控她的助手犯有盗窃和欺诈罪。

3)The secretary had to resign after she was accused of giving away the secret of 

      the company.

     那位秘书被指控泄露的秘密公司后不得不辞职。

4)The company is accused of not paying its due taxes for the past two years.

     这家公司被控告过去两年里没有交纳应交的税款。

 

convict sb. of stn.     判决、宣告某人有某项罪行。

 

1)The fingerprints found on the knife were used to convict him of the murder.

     刀上发现的指纹被用来证明他犯有谋杀罪。

2)The judge convicted the criminal of serving ten years of his sentence.

     法官判罪犯的十年的刑期。

 3)You can't convict me of fraud if you are unable to show conclusive evidence.

      如果拿不出确凿的证据,你们是不能判我有诈骗罪的。

 

 

B. 与 break、ckear、rob、rid、defraud、deprive、delete、strippe、

    relieve、ease、cure、等动词连用时,of 表示“失掉、清除、摆脱”等意思。

 

clear sb. /sth. of sth.     清除、解脱某人(某物)某物

 

1)Soaking is the best way to clear the vegetables of the remnant of pesticides before 

     cooking.

     浸泡是烹饪前清除蔬菜农药残余物的最好办法。

2)The judge cleared the prisoner of any crime and set him free..

     法官宣告犯人无罪,予以释放。

3)You must clear the road of any obtacle within three hours.

     你必须在三小时内清除任路上的任何障碍。

 

rob sb./sth. of sth.        抢劫某人某物,剥夺某人某物

 

1)A pickpocket robbed him of his month’s salary.

     一个扒手扒走了他一个月的薪水。

2)That confounded cat robbed me of a good night’s sleep.

      那只该死的猫弄得我一夜没睡好。

3)He was robbed of his wife and children in the war.

     战争夺去了他的妻子和儿女。

 

rid sb./sth. of sth.   去除、清除某人某物,使某人摆脱、解脱某物

 

 1)Further measures will be taken to rid our streets of crime.

      将采取进一步的措施来防止街头犯罪。

 2)The dentist rid me of the pain by taking out the bad tooth.

      牙科大夫拔掉那颗坏牙,消除了我的疼痛。

 3)We must try every way to rid ourselves of these debts.

      我们要想尽一切办法来摆脱这些债务。

 

deprive sb./sth. of sth.       剥夺某人某物,使某人丧失某物

 

 1)Once deprived of oxygen for more than five to seven minutes, the brain will 

      be subjected to irreversible damage.

      一旦缺氧超过5到七分钟,大脑会受到不可逆的损害。

2)The heavy shade of the oak trees deprived the house of light.

      茂密的橡树树阴使房子照射不到阳光。

3)Life is the most valuable in the world. Whoever have no power to deprive the 

     others of thier lives.

      世界上最宝贵的是生命,无论是谁,都没有剥夺别人生命的权力。

4)If you do not drive carefully, I shall be obliged to deprive you of your licence.

     如果您不谨慎驾驶,我将不得不没收您的执照

 

deplete sb./sth. of sth.       用尽、耗尽

 

1)Mankind must take care not to deplete the earth of its natural resources.

     人类必须注意,切莫把地球的有宝贵的矿物耗尽。耗尽地球上的自然资源。

2)We must try our best to deplete the enemy of their effective force.

      我们必须尽力消耗敌人的有生力量.

3)When you invest in something, you shoulod by no account deplete yourself 

     of all your possessions.

     当你进行某种投资时,千万不要把你所有的财产用上。

 

defraud …… of ……      欺骗、诈骗某人某物

 

1)His purpose of disguising himself as a wizard is to defraud people of their money.

     他扮成男巫的目的就是为了骗取人们的钱财。

2)She accused him of having defrauded her of twenty thousand dollars.

      她指控他骗取了她两万美元。

3)Land speculators tried to defraud him of his savings.

     土地投机商们企图骗取他的存款。

 

relieve sb./sth. of sth.   解除、减轻某人(负担、压力、痛苦等)

 

1)A very funny joke may relieve you of a whole day's fatigue.   

    一则非常滑稽的笑话可以使你消除一天的疲劳。

2)Gradually, the computer will relieve man of all monotonous, dull routine work.   

     计算机将逐渐使人们摆脱单调枯燥的日常工作。

3)The adoption of this new policy would relieve the unions of a tremendous  burden.     

     采纳这一新政策将会减轻工会的沉重负担。

 

ease sb./sth.  of sth.    消除、减轻某人(负担、压力、痛苦等)

 

1)The doctor promised that the medicine he had prescribed would ease the poor 

      man of his suffering.   

      医生保证他开的药能减轻这可怜的男人的痛苦。

2)The canal system should be made full used of to ease the roads of some of their 

      heavy traffic.    

      要充分利用运河系统以缓解陆地道路交通拥挤的状况。

3)Do write to your mother to ease her of her worry.

     给你母亲写写信,免得他担心。

 

cure sb. of sth.      治愈好你某人的病,改掉、纠正某人的(恶习、缺点等)

 

1)He was much obliged to Doctor Smith, because he sucessfully cured him of his 

     disease.

     他对史密斯医生感谢万分,因为他成功地治愈了他的病。

 2)This medicine can cure you of your cold.

      这药能治好你的感冒。

 3)The teacher helped the boy to cure him of biting his nail.

      老师帮助男孩改掉了咬指甲的习惯。



                                  【语法结构】“动词 …… of …… ”结构 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

 

 

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