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【阅读理解】大学的前景  

2012-02-07 12:59:54|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【阅读理解】大学的前景 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋

   【阅读理解】             大学的前景

                                                                        佳中命题

 

 

 

 

 

     “Can we speak of the death of the university?” an English newspaper recently asked. Another

offered the diagnosis: “Still breathing.” It seems that the future of the universities is now being

discussed all over the world. This is not only because we are entering a new century. Many people

are asking whether the traditional research universities have any future at all.

     I am an optimist, and I believe in the magic of the campus. I believe that the universities will be

able to enjoy a very bright future as intellectual power centers in a world in which society is calling

out increasingly loudly for more knowledge. We can expect rapid development of programs of

life-long education, availability of information technologies, and more independence and autonomy

of universities.

      But if we are to continue to live as intellectual power centers, the universities cannot sit passively

letting developments take their course. We must know what sort of university we want in the future.

Many battles have been lost because of the lack of any goal. We must also have a strategy and a

policy for how we are to achieve our vision. This means that the universities must actively relate to

the great challenges we are now being confronted with, and we must develop our ability and will for

renewal. Yet we must do this at the same time as we stand by the fundamental values that make us

a university: that is our independence. I see it as one of the most important tasks for a university

president to work for the greatest possible spirit of community in the university and for the university

to be an integrated institution and not simply a number of faculties or departments linked together in

some kind of formal organization or strategic alliance. Only then can we defend the name “university”.

       Most universities in the western world — at least the public universities — are now experiencing

a serious lack of fund, which may lead to a draining of strength and vitality of the universities. With

the exception of a small number of privileged institutions that enjoy generous endowments or access

to unique sources of funding, most universities will need to devote increasing energy to carrying out

research on demand and tailoring their instructional programs to external need. There is high

probability that in the 21th century a good number of universities will excel in service rather than

conventional academic research. Service in this case can be defined as “ the delivery, installations

and maintenance of knowledge-based applications to clients wherever they may be”. The service

university is characterized by several features: the existence of professional training, short

tailor-made courses and the transfer of technologies.   

                                                                                                                         (448 words)

 

1. The passage is primarily concerned with  __________.

     [A] the fate the university

     [B] the reputation of the university

     [C] the challenges facing the university

     [D] the financial problems of the university

2. As is stated in the passage, in order to live as intellectual power centers, the universities should

    __________.

     [A] call out increasingly loudly for more knowledge

     [B] let developments take their own course

     [C] set new goals to meet the great challenges

     [D] collect sufficient fund for further development

3. The author stresses in the passage that, to defend the name of “university”, great efforts should

    be made towards all the following EXCEPT __________.

    [A] forming a normal organization or a strategic alliance

    [B] adhering to the fundamental values of the university

    [C] strengthening the collaboration within the university

    [D] maintaining the integration of the university

4. In the last paragraph the author primarily talks about ________.

    [A] the funding of universities

    [B] service orientation of universities

    [C] academic development of universities

    [D] features of universities in the 21st century

5. The author’s confidence in the future of the university is based on his belief that the university is

    __________.

    [A] a magic in the public’s eyes

    [B] an independent force in the society

    [C] a long-life learning institution

    [D] a cradle of intellectual power

 

 

答案解析

 

1. 【答案】 A

    【考点】 主旨大意。     针对全文命题。

    【解析】   人们常在谈论大学的前景问题,对传统研究性大学的命运深表担忧(Many people are asking

     whether the traditional research universities have any future at all)。作者在文中分析了目前大学存在的

     问题并对未来大学的发展提出了自己的看法,他对未来大学的前景持乐观态度,坚信大学作为智力的中心

     仍将有着美好的前景(I believe that the  universities will be able to enjoy a very bright future as intellectual

     power centers)。全文围绕大学的命运论述,因此A项是本题的正确答案。

         “大学的声誉”、“大学面临的挑战”和“大学的财政问题”虽在文谈及,但仅是文中的内容之一,不是

    全文论述的中心。

 

2.   【答案】 C

      【考点】 推理引申。     针对第三段前半段命题。

      【解析】   作者在第三段中提出:如果我们要想让大学作为智力中心继续生存下去,决不能让它们坐以待毙,

       被动地发展,我们必须知道未来我们需要什么样的大学。过去我们进行过许多战役,都因缺乏目标而失败

      (Many battles have been lost because of the lack of any goal),暗示大学必须确立新的目标,制定新的

       战略方针来迎接新的挑战,因此C项是本题的正确答案。

              不断提出要求渴望知识的是society,不是universities,不能选A项。B项的意思是让其任意发展,与文

       中所述相脖。

 

3.   【答案】 A

      【考点】 细节判断。     针对第三段后半段命题。

      【解析】   作者在第三段中强调大学必须确立新目标迎接未来挑战的同时还指出三点:1) 遵守大学的价值观

       念(stand by the fundamental values that make us a university); 2) 弘扬大学协作精神 (the greatest

       possible spirit of community in the university); 3) 将大学办成一个完整的整体(an integrated institution)。

       作者认为只有做到这三点大学才能捍卫自己的声誉。由此判断B项、C项和D项都是对的。A项的意思是“形

       成某种正式的组织或同盟”,这恰恰是作者在文中表示反对的观点。作者认为应将大学办成一个完整的整体,

       而不是某种形式的同盟,所以A项是本题的答案。

 

4.   【答案】 B

      【考点】 段落中心。     针对最后一段命题。

      【解析】   这是一道测段落中心思想的题。作者在最后一段中提到,由于许多大学资金严重短缺,因此二十

       一世纪的许多大学极有可能会在服务而不是在传统的学术研究上有所发展(There is high probability that
              in the 21th century a good number of universities will excel in service rather than conventional academic

       research)。大学要随时随地为客户提供与知识应用有关的各项服务,如提供职业培训、开设短训班和转让

       技术等。可见全段主要谈论大学的服务方面的问题,B项是本题的正确答案。

            本题易错选A项,从表面看确实涉及到大学资金问题,但全段并不是谈论大学资金的种种情况,不能以

       the funding of universities 作为全段的中心思想。

 

5.   【答案】 D

      【考点】 具体细节。     针对第二段命题。

      【解析】   从全文论述中不难看出作者对大学的未来充满信心,这是因为他坚信大学是智慧的中心,社会发

       展会对知识提出更高的要求,需要大学的存在和发展。D项的意思是“大学是智慧的摇篮”,即智慧的中心,

       反映了作者的观点,为本题的正确答案。

        

 

 

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