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【英语词汇】save、rescue、reclaim、salvage  

2012-03-28 09:13:40|  分类: 英语词汇 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【英语词汇】save、rescue、reclaim、salvage - 佳中 - 佳中Blog
 
【英语词汇】       save、rescue、reclaim、salvage
                                                                                     佳中

                                                                                                                                                        


这组词都可表示“救”、“抢救”、“营救””“拯救“的意思。


save  普通用词, 使用广泛,既可指营救某人或某物使脱离危险,也可指精神或道德上

的拯救。


1)Despite the danger that he might be injured, Boris bravely entered the burning house 

     to save the children within.

     尽管有受伤的危险,鲍里斯勇敢地进入燃烧的房屋中救出里面的小孩。

2)Since he continured to lose money in his buisiness, he had to borrow money to save his

     business.

     由于生意不继续亏损,他不得不借钱来拯救他的生意。

3)The goalkeeper made a spectacular dive to save the goal.

     守门员做了一个精彩的鱼跃动作救回一

4)Clones could help save endangered animals such as the African wild cat from 

     disappearing.

     克隆可以帮助拯救濒临灭绝的动物,比如非洲野猫。

5)He was desperately trying to save their failing marriage.

     他竭力试图挽救他们的失败的婚姻。


rescue   正式用词,强调直接从迫在眉捷的危险中解救或抢救出来。


1)The little boy would have browned in the river but that the man timely dived into the 

     river to rescue / save him.

     如果不是那个男人及时跳入河里去救他,这个小男孩会淹死在河里。

2)The life boat was sent out to rescue the sailors from the sinking ship

      已派出救生艇去营救沉船上的水手。

3)It was not long before a helicopter arrived on scene to rescue the survivors of the 

      plane crash.

     不久,一架直升飞机飞到现场,来营救飞机失事的幸存者

4)Doctors should heal the wounded, rescue the dying, and practice humanitarianism.

     医生要救死扶伤,实行人道主义。

5)They succeeded to rescue many documents and files from the burning office.

     他们成功地从着火的办公室抢救出许多文件。


●  rescue 可用作名词。


1)He went to the rescue of a drowning child regardless of his personal safety

     他把个人安危置之度外去救一个溺水儿童。

2)The boat stranded on the rocks and the boatman had to sustain himself with live fish 

      before rescue came.

      船在岩石上搁浅,船夫在遇救前只好靠活鱼维持生命。

3)The child who fell into the river would have died if the young man hadn't come to his 

      rescue.

      要不是那个青年相救, 落水的孩子早就没命了。


 save rescue 常与 from 连用,表示“拯救使之免于……”的意思。


1)An alert pharmacist will save a doctor from his own mistake by querying a prescription.

     警惕性很高的药剂师对处方提出疑问而避免了医生的错误。

2)The situation was so serious that we could think no way of save it form worsening.

      情况是如此严重,我们认为没有办法拯救它进一步恶化。

3)The government has rescued the firm from bankruptcy by giving it a grant.

      政府给该公司一笔贷款,救了它免于破产。

4)The medical workers inoculated the community to rescue them from the threat of 

     full-scale influenza epidemic.

     医务人员为社区居民接种疫苗使居民免于流感全面流行的威胁。


reclaim   本意有“领回”的意思,引申出“挽救”犯错误者或改造、感化犯罪者使改过

自新。


1) We must make special and persistent efforts to reclaim those young people who have 

      gone astray.

      我们必须作出特别的努力挽救那些误入歧途的年轻人。

2)Do not be too severe upon their errors, but reclaim them by enlightening them.

     不要严厉对待他们的错误,而是用启迪心智来感化改造他们。

3)New China has reclaimed many ctiminal men from a life of vice.

     新中国感化了许多罪犯改邪归正。


salvage     本意是“打捞”捞沉船或其他沉在水中的物品,常引申出“营救”遇难人员、

“抢救、  物资、“拯救”生命等。


1)They salvaged a ship that had sunk for a hundred years.

     他们打捞起一艘沉没一百多年的的船。

2)He managed to salvage his books and pictures from the burning house.

     他成功地从燃烧的房子里抢救出他的书画。

3)He insisted that increased investment in new technology aimed at climate change and

     environmental conservation would salvage the global economy.

     他坚持认,对旨在气候变化和环境保护的新技术增加投资能挽救全球经济。

4)The company is trying to salvage its reputation after the managing director is send to 

     prison for fraud.

    在总经理因诈骗罪入狱后,公司正设法挽回其名誉。



          【英语词汇】save、rescue、reclaim、salvage - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

 

 

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