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【阅读理解】 重树公众对科技的信心  

2012-03-04 13:00:34|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【阅读理解】 重树公众对科技的信心 - 佳中 - 嘉华相恋
   【阅读理解】      
     重树公众对科技的信心

                                                                      佳中命题

 

 

 

       Long before the Asian tsunami struck, the science community predicted the particular region 

of Indonesia to be hit by the next big earthquake: and the engineering and technology community 

had developed early warning systems costing only $30 million. But no government in the region 

heeded the warnings and no early warning systems were in place. According to Sir David King,

the Government’s chief scientific adviser, 100,000 victims of the tsunami might still be alive today 

if the advance warnings had been heeled.

       Today’s technology community is a triumph of international collaboration where engineers 

and scientists combine to develop solutions to our biggest problems. Of course, technology can 

not stop natural disasters but it can mitigate their impact. We are able to identify the birds 

affected by avian flu. We can chart their migration patterns around the world. We have the means 

to pursue vaccines. And we have the communication channels to keep people informed.

       Hailing the virtues of technology is not to pretend technology is perfect in every regard. Far 

from it. The extravagant and unsustainable use of technology in energy and transport has 

contributed to climate change. But that does not mean technology has failed us. We must never 

lose sight of the fact that technology itself will deliver the solutions to the very problems it can 

create. If we can’t, technology will remain sidelined and undervalued, and this major social failure 

will progressively disadvantage us all.

       Governments are not alone in ignoring the views of their scientific community; the public too 

has its doubts. In my view, part of the reason for this lack of confidence must be caused by our 

own failure to engage them in a meaningful way about their concerns. Trust is a two-way street. 

Instead of claiming that everything would be rosy in the scientific garden, we, in the science 

community, must work hard to explore concerns, discover fears and go into the depths of public 

perceptions.

       We are getting there. There is a growing realization that effective public engagement is of far

greater value than banging the “public understanding” drum. Last year, for example, the Royal

Academy of Engineering, in partnership with the Royal Society, produced a major report on

nano-technology. We look at the environmental, health and safety, ethical and social implication. 

We worked with representatives of all the key stakeholders and disciplines, people who 

approached the topic from a variety of angles. And I believe the product of our work was 

significantly enhanced as a result of this broad, inclusive approach.       

                                                                                                                               (422 words)

 

1. The incident of the Asian tsunami struck is mentioned in the beginning paragraph

     [A] to criticize the backward earthquake prediction in Indonesia.

     [B] to warn of the heavy cost of ignoring technology in earthquake prediction.

     [C] to prove the accuracy of the scientists prediction about Indonesian tsunami.

     [D] to stress the importance of the placement of early warning systems.

2. The word “mitigate” in the second paragraph is, in meaning, close to

     [A] “prevent’.

     [B] “eliminate”.

     [C] “control”.   

     [D] “reduce”.

3. We can learn from the text that technology

    [A] can never be too perfect to prevent natural disasters. 

    [B] can afford us means to tackle the problems it creates.

    [C] will go sidelined and devalued with fast developments.

    [D] will inevitably do great damage to our natural world.

4. According to the author, the public lack confidence in science in that the scientists fail to

    [A] explain to the public that the scientific garden is rosy.

    [B] communicate well with the public about their concerns.

    [C] gain more understanding from the public.

    [D] get into the depths of public perceptions.

5. In the last paragraph, the author stresses that the science community should

    [A] establish a broad scientific approach to the solution of different problems. 

    [B] guide the public to look at the social problems from a variety of angles.

    [C] have the public actively participate in what they are concerned with.

    [D] place great value on the banging of “the public understanding” drum.

 

 

篇章分析

          第1段:列举印尼没有安装海啸早期预警系统受海啸袭击的例子,说明忽视科技会带来严

                        重后果。

          第2段:强调科技为解决人类问题的重要作用。

          第3段:指出科技也产生问题,强调技术产生的问题只有通过发展技术来找到解决办法。

          第4段:指出公众对科技心存疑虑,分析公众对科技缺乏信心的原因。

          第5段:科技界越来越认识到公众有效参与科技活动的重要性。

 

答案解析

1.【答案】   B

     【考点】   举例目的,针对第一段命题。

     【解析】   在亚洲遭遇海啸袭击之前,科学家已预测到印尼某地将会再次遭遇大地震,可是

      该地区政府没有重视地震警告,也没有安装海啸早期预警系统,结果遭遇海啸袭击,损失惨

      重。英国政府首席科学顾问大卫·金爵士说,倘若科学家的事先警告得到重视,那么10万名

      海啸遇难者或许可以幸免于难。(According to Sir David King, the Government’s chief 

      scientific adviser, 100,000 victims of the tsunami might still be alive today if the advance 

      warnings had been heeled.) 显然,作者举印尼海啸的例子的目的是想告诫忽视科技会带来

      严重后果。B项是本题的正确答案。

      

2.【答案】  D

     【考点】  词义推测,针对第二段第2句命题。

     【解析】  四选项词义分别为:prevent “预防”; eliminate “清除”; control “控制” ;

      allelviate “减轻”。mitigate 出现在第2句:Of course, technology can not stop natural disasters

      but it can mitigate their impact. 根据上下文语境可知,各国工程师和科学家共同努力,为解决

      人类的重大问题提供解决方法。从段中所句例子看,都是科技发展给人类带来极大的好处。

      联系上下文可以推测 “mitigate” 是 “减轻” 的意思,科技虽然无法消除自然灾难,但却可以减

      轻其危害。D项是本题的正确答案。

      

3.【答案】  B

     【考点】  具体细节,针对第三段命题。

     【解析】  作者在第三段指出科技也产生问题,但技术产生的问题只有通过发展技术来找到解

       决办法。 理解要点是第4句:We must never lose sight of the fact that technology itself will

       deliver the solutions to the very problems it can create(我们应当铭记,技术所产生的问题只

       有通过发展技术来找到解决办法)。B项的意思是:(技术)能提供我们解决技术本身产生

       的问题的方法。两者意思相符,B项本题的正确答案。

               千万不要选A项,A项的意思是:(技术)太完美可以防止自然灾害发生,这里是

      “cannot ........   too ........” 结构。不能理解成“技术还没有完美到能防止自然灾害”。

 

4.【答案】  B

      【考点】  具体细节,针对第四段命题。

      【解析】  题干问:根据作者,公众对科技缺乏信心,其原因是科学家未能 ……,这是一道

        原因题。作者在第四段说,无视科学家的观点,不仅仅是政府,公众也常存疑虑。接着,作

        者分析说,这种信心的缺乏是因为我们自己未能有效地鼓励公众参与到他们所关注的问题而

        造成的(In my view, part of the reason for this lack of confidence must be caused by our own 

        failure to engage them in a meaningful way about their concerns.)  B项的意思是(科学家未

        能)与公众就他们关注的问题进行很好的交流,与段中作者所述一致,因此B项是本题的正

        确答案。

 

5.【答案】  C

      【考点】  作者观点,针对第五段命题。

      【解析】  在最后一段作者说,我们正在朝着这方面努力,科技界越来越认识到,让公众有效

        地参与将来远比不停唠叨“公众理解”更有意义(There is a growing realization that effective

         public engagement is of far greater value than banging the “public understanding” drum)。

        接着作者举了一个公众参与科技活动的例子,强调这种公众参与的方式对科技工作是很大的

        促进。据此可以断定C项是本题正确答案。

 

                                                                             【阅读理解】 重树公众对科技的信心 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog
                                                    

 【阅读理解】 重树公众对科技的信心 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog
  

       

 

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