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【阅读理解】E-mail 的移情反应  

2012-07-07 10:57:33|  分类: 阅读理解 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【阅读理解】E-mail 的移情反应 - 佳中 - 佳中Blog

  

                   E-mail 的移情反应

                                                                               佳中注释

 

 

 

      The lack of face-to-face cues in e-mail often results in ambiguity. Without hearing a person’s

voice — or seeing body language and facial expressions — you may not be exactly sure what the

person means. This ambiguity enhances the tendency to project your own expectations, wishes,

and anxieties onto the somewhat shadowy figure sitting at the other end of the Internet — what is

called a “transference reaction”.

     Under ideal conditions, as we spend more and more time conversing with an e-mail partner, we

begin to understand and work through those transference reactions so that we can see the other

person as he/she really is. However, even under the best of circumstances, there often is some

aspect of our mental image of the other person that is based more on our own expectations and

needs than on the reality of the other person. It may be the way we think he looks, his voice sounds,

or some aspect of his personality. We may not even be consciously aware that we’ve formed that

mpression until we meet the person face to face and discover, much to our surprise, that they are

— in some way — very different than what we expected.

      Some incoming e-mail may be prepackaged with transference even though the person is a

complete stranger to us. On a fairly regular basis, I receive e-mail from people whom I call “spoon

 feeders.” There is no greeting, no sign-off line or name — just a terse request, or should I say a

demand, for something. For example: “I’m working on a project about online relationships. Send

me information about this topic. I need it by tomorrow.”

      Even though many articles about this topic are easily available on my web site, I’m usually

happy to share some ideas with people via e-mail. Yet messages like the one above don’t convey

interest in a relationship. The transference reaction is one in which I am perceived as an information

machine, just waiting to dole out data upon request. Leaning towards passive dependency, they are

operating at a rather immature interpersonal level. They see others in terms of their own needs rather

 than as separate people with needs of their own.

       Unfortunately, another common transference reaction is the “chip on my shoulder” e-mail. People

who have antagonistic conflicts with authority figures may feel free to send them a flaming e-mail.

Sometimes the extreme hostility in such a message reflects the depth and intensity of the transference

reaction. Anyone who has a web site that in any way presents themselves as an authority on some t

opic may be subjected to the “chip on my shoulder” e-mail.   

 

 (437 words)

 

1. “Transference reaction” in the passage means

    [A] ambiguity caused by lack of face-to-face cues.

    [B] imagining what the person at the other end of the computer is like.

    [C] communicating without hearing the other person’s voice.

    [D] spending more time conversing with an e-mail partner.

2. It is implied in the second paragraph that when we have e-mail conversation with the other person,

    we

    [A] have a wrong imagination of him in most cases.

    [B] are consciously aware of what he really is.

    [C] set his right image in mind by transference reactions.

    [D] can figure out some aspect of his personality.

3. By “spoon-feeders”, the author means those people

    [A] who are complete strangers to us.

    [B] who are prepackaged with transference.

    [C] whose e-mails have no greeting or signature.

    [D] whose e-mails appear to be demands.

4. The author’s attitude towards “spoon feeders” can best be described as

    [A] indignant.

    [B] scornful.

    [C] pathetic.

    [D] respectfu.

5. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the “chip on my shoulder” e-mail?

    [A] Authority figures usually take a hostile attitude towards this kind of e-mail.

    [B] Authority figures usually have antagonistic conflicts with the some of web sites.

    [C] Authoritative people in a certain field are usually troubled with this kind of e-mail.

    [D] Authoritative web sites are usually challenged by this kind of e-mail.

 

 

篇章分析

        文章主旨: e-mail交流中的问题

       第1~2段: D1:transference reaction

                             D2:作者对transference reaction的看法

       第3~4段: D3:Spoon feeders

                             D4)作者的收到spoon feeders的邮件的感受

         第  5  段:“chip on my shoulder”邮件

         

 

答案解析

 

1.  【答案】 B

     【考点】 概念含义。     针对第一段命题。

     【解析】 伊妹儿通讯听不到对方的声音、看不到表情和肢体语言,往往会造成模~印象

     (ambiguity)。这会使“你将自己的期望、愿望和忧虑强加于坐在因特网另一头的人的模糊

       身影上(project your own expectations, wishes, and anxieties onto the somewhat shadowy

       figure sitting at the end of the Internet)”。作者将这种反应为移情反应(transference reaction)。

       也就是说,在进行伊妹儿通讯时人们往往用自己的情感去想象对方应该是怎么样子,B项是本

       题的正确答案。

 

2.   【答案】 A

      【考点】 推理引申。     针对第二段命题。

      【解析】 作者在第二段中说:即使在最理想的情况下,我们对伊妹儿通讯的对方的想象也是更

        多地基于我们自己的期望和需要,而不是这个人的真实情况。直到见到其本人时才发现,他在

        某些方面与我们期望的大不相同。换言之,在大多数情况下,我们对对方的想象是错的,A项

        是本题的正确答案。

 

3.   【答案】 D

       【考点】 词语理解。     针对第三段命题。

      【解析】 作者说他经常收到一些没有称呼,没有签名,只有一个要求或者是命令的电子邮件。

        作者将发送这类电子邮件的人称之为“spoon feeders(需别人用调羹喂饭的人)”。从作者举

        的例子中可以看出这类电子邮件带有命令的口吻,因此可以断定D项是本题的正确答案。

                本题不能选C项。没有称呼和签名的电子邮件并不一定是命令式的电子邮件,没有反映

       “spoon feeders”含义。

 

4. 【答案】 B

    【考点】 作者态度。     针对第四段命题。

    【解析】 indignant“愤慨的”;scornful“轻蔑的”; pathetic“悲哀的”;respectful“尊敬的”。作

      者在第四段中说,他很乐意与别人通过伊妹儿交流看法。但对命令式口吻的电子邮件,他的感

      受是自己被人看作是信息机器。这些“spoon feeders”依赖于别人来满足自己的需求,而不把别

     人看作自己也有需求的人(They see others in terms of their own needs rather than as separate

     people with needs of their own)。 由此可以推断作者对“spoon feeders” 的态度是“轻蔑的”,

     B项是本题的正确答案。

 

5.【答案】 C

   【考点】 词语理解。     针对最后一段命题。

   【解析】 作者在最后一段说,某些对权威人士有对抗观点的人常会给权威人士发送措辞激烈的

    电子邮件,因此那些有自己的网站并在某一方面表现出自己是权威的人常会收到“chip on my

     shoulder ”电子邮件(Anyone who has a web sit that in any way presents themselves as an

     authority on some topic may be subjected to the “chip on my shoulder” e-mail)。A项的意思是

    “某一方面是权威的人士常会受到这一类电子邮件的骚扰”,与文中所述意思吻合,为本题的

    正确答案。

            A项的意思是“权威人士常对这类电子邮件持敌对态度”;B项的意思是“权威人士对有些

    网站常有对抗性冲突”。从段中所述得不出这两个结论。D项的意思是“权威性的网站常受到

    这类电子邮件的挑战”。收到“chip on my shoulder”电子邮件应该是权威人士,不是网站。

 

 

 

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